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Flashcards in Socials 8 Medieval 1 - Rome Deck (34):
1

What were the three conditions that led to a civilization in the Mediterranean?

The right climate, good transportation, a powerful military

2

How did the right climate help develop a civilization in the Mediterranean?

fertile soil, plenty of rain/sunshine, long growing season = surplus food

3

How did the good transportation help develop a civilization in the Mediterranean?

the Mediterranean sea was like a highway, warships conquered other places, vast networks of roads were built, helps to control other places

4

How did a powerful military help develop a civilization in the Mediterranean?

military strength helped Romans to increase trade, protect navy, merchants used the roads, taxes from trade helped them have a strong central government

5

How did trading shape knowledge?

trade helps people learn from each other and grow from new ideas

6

Who are the Germanic peoples?

one of the European peoples that spoke a Germanic language eg. Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Franks

7

What cultures enriched Rome due to travel/trade?

Egyptian, Middle East, African

8

What is philosophy?

the pursuit of wisdom through reason

9

What is architecture?

the art and science of designing buildings

10

How did the Greek civilization fail?

Under the might of the Roman armies invasion

11

What did the Romans borrow from Greek culture?

Greek attitudes, learning, arts, and architecture

12

As they conquered other lands, what did the Romans gather?

thinkers and builders from Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East

13

Give three examples of the Roman's organizational ability

Planned water transport via aqueducts, organized taxation systems, huge Roman legions (armies) controlling most of Europe

14

What is an aqueduct?

An artificial channel for conveying water, often in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns

15

What is a Roman Legion?

Roman military/army

16

What is Latin?

the language of the Romans during the Middle Ages, Latin was the common language for Educated Europeans.

17

What is Pax Romana?

A Latin phrase meaning “Roman Peace” the long period in which Europeans lived under Roman law without conflict

18

what was the common language for the Roman Empire?

Latin

19

What are three areas in which the Romans excelled?

writing laws for the entire empire created peace; cities filled with works of art, gardens, plumbing; literature – drama, plays, books etc

20

What did the Pax Romana allow Rome?

To develop more culture, trade, art and ideas flowed easily because of the peace

21

Who did not benefit under Roman Law?

women, slaves, non-Romans were all denied the rights of Roman citizenship

22

What did Rome's powerful central government demand?

Taxes, slaves and submission from the peoples it controlled

23

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

1. Germanic people migrated taking land from Romans but refusing to pay taxes

24

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

2. The empire grew weak because of repeated attacks by Germanic forces

25

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

Many people embraced new religions and lost their will to defend Roman religion and Rome itself.

26

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

4. The empire became so large that it became impossible to defend it

27

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

5. Rome had no clear system for deciding who would be emperor, which led to political upheaval

28

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

6. Roman soldiers returning to Rome brought infectious diseases which killed thousands

29

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

7. Romans overspent on entertainment and luxuries

30

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

8. Small businesses suffered when Romans began using slaves to supply goods and services

31

What are the nine reasons why Rome might have fallen?

9. Weak emperors did not have an interest in governing or defending the empire

32

What is a perspective?

the collective point of view of a specific group

33

What is to plunder?

to steal by force, especially during a war

34

The Roman Colosseum was similar in size to BC Place, but how did events there differ?

They were Gladiators fought to the death, executions, or people torn apart by wild animals