Flashcards in Sociology And Social Policy Deck (18)
What did Peter Worsley research?
Social problems and sociological problems
What did Peter Worsley believe about social problems?
He believed that a social problem was a behaviour that causes public friction and needs collective action to solve it such as poverty
What are sociological problems according to Worsley?
'Any pattern of relationships that calls for explanation'
What factors affect whether or not sociological research succeeds in influencing policy?
Electoral popularity, globalisation, cost, funding sources, interest groups, critical sociology and ideological and policy preferences of governments
What are positivist and functionalist perspectives on social policy and sociology?
Sociology is a science and can discover the cause and medicine of all the social problems. The state serves the interests of everybody so policies need to fit everybody
How do Marxists criticise Positivist and functionalist perspectives on social policy and sociology?
Marxists argue that educational policies are aimed at equalising opportunity but not at reducing poverty
What is the social democratic perspective on social policy and sociology?
They argue for the redistribution of wealth and that sociologists should be involved in researching social problems and then eradicating them
How do Marxists and postmodernists criticise the social democratic perspective?
Marxists reject recommendations shown in the Black report and postmodernists say that sociologists shouldn't influence policy as it is impossible to find an objective truth
What are Marxist views on social policy and sociology?
They believe that it provides ideological legitimation, maintain labour force and prevents a revolution
What are the two main criticisms of Marxist views on perspectives on social policy and sociology?
That they are unrealistic and impractical
What are feminists views of perspectives on social policy and sociology?
They believe that it has influenced policy through learning materials and teacher training for education
How do feminists criticise perspectives on social policy and sociology?
Many feminists reject the view that reformist social policies can liberate women
What are the views held by the new right on perspectives on social policy and sociology?
The new right believes that the state should only have minimal involvement in society. No welfare state for example
What is the social democratic perspective on social policy?
It argues for a major redistribution of wealth and income from the rich to the poor
What do social democrats such as Peter Townsend argue that sociologists should be involved in?
Researching social problems and making policy recommendations to eradicate them
Give an example of research that aimed to eradicate a social problem?
The Black Report which reduced deep-rooted inequalities between different classes of students in schools
What do Marxists see as the role of sociologists?
To criticise capitalist policy by revealing the exploitation that underpins capitalism, and the way in which the ruling class use social policies to mask the exploitation and buy off revolt with minor concessions