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Flashcards in Soft Tissue Concepts Deck (24)
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1
Q

difference between primary and secondary injuries?

A

primary- original injury

secondary- inflamm response that occurs with the primary injury

2
Q

3 main phases of healing?

A

inflammatory
proliferative
remodeling

3
Q

length of inflammatory phase?

A

1-6 days (1 week)

4
Q

what happens in proliferative phase?

A
  • cap. growth
  • granulation tissue
  • fibroblast prolif.
  • collagen synthesis
  • inc. macrophage act.
  • inc. mast cell activity
5
Q

length of proliferative phase?

A

5-15 days or longer (2-10 weeks)

6
Q

remodeling phase happenings?

A

conversion of tissue to scar tissue, contraction of wound, increasing tensile strength

7
Q

length of remodeling phase?

A

1 year

8
Q

guidelines for acute stage soft tissue work?

A

shortening/broadening with active or passive pumping

9
Q

guidelines for subacute stage soft tissue work?

A

shortening/broadening, begin lengthening just short of resistance, pumping with increased vigor

10
Q

guidelines for remodeling stage soft tissue work?

A

mm stretching, inc. mobility to full ROM

11
Q

Hoffa massage

A

light and superficial strokes in the direction of the mm fibers-

  • effleurage, pettrisage, percussion
    goal: inc. blood flow and relaxation
12
Q

effleurage

A

stroking

13
Q

pettrisage

A

kneading

14
Q

percussion

A

using border of hand or cupped hand

15
Q

what is the technique of assessing movement of skin around a focal point?

A

skin gliding

16
Q

how do u treat an adhesion?

A

J stroke, lengthening or broadening

17
Q

what do the parts of the J stroke do?

A

stroke parallel to mm fibers then hook the adhesion in the J- (stroke= lengthens, J= broadens)

18
Q

what stroke technique uses ur elbow, thumb, fingers or knuckles over a mm belly or where 2 mm meet, uses mod. to deep pressure and enables mm elongation and reduction of tension?

A

longitudinal stroking, this lengthens!

19
Q

what massage technique is useful to bring inflammation to area to promote healing and helps to break up adhesions and promote proper lying down of collagen fibers?

A

cross fiber friction massage! this broadens but does not lengthen

20
Q

technique where u grab the mm belly with both hands, push up with thumbs while pulling downward with fingers- helps to evaluate mm mobility in regards to its surrounding structures

A

mm bending

21
Q

what will a pt complain of if they have tethered tissue and need a myofascial release?

A

tightness, weakness and fatigue

22
Q

What is the use of guided movements into painfree positions to break habitual patterns and treat movement abnormalities developed with age, bad posture or trauma. uses gentle sequencing and circular movements.

A

Feldenkrais movement therapy

23
Q

What is the movement therapy that empasizes improving posture and body mechanics through conscious learning? positions of head and neck are primary emphasis. uses 3 steps: awareness of habit, inhibition of habit, conscious control of new non-dysfunctional habit

A

Alexander movement therapy

24
Q

what is Rolfing?

A

series of 10 txs to fascia in attempt to balance the body