SONOGRAPHY OF KIDNEY Flashcards Preview

The Urinary Tract -u/s > SONOGRAPHY OF KIDNEY > Flashcards

Flashcards in SONOGRAPHY OF KIDNEY Deck (17)
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1

MEASUREMENTS

2-3 CM IN ANTEROPOSTERIOR
4-5 CM IN WIDTH
8-13CM IN LENGTH

2

ECHOGENICITY COMPARED TO LIVER AND SPLEEN

ISOECHOIC OR HYPOECHOIC TO LIVER AND SPLEEN

3

CORTEX MEASUREMENT

1CM IN THICKNESS FROM OUTER MARGIN TO THE RENAL PYRAMIDS

4

COMPENSATORY HYPERTROPHY

ENLARGEMENT OF UNAFFECTED CONTRALATERAL KIDNEY W/ UNILATERAL RENAL AGENESIS OR COMPROMISED RENAL FUNCTION

5

DROMEDARY HUMP

BULDGE IN LATERAL BORDER OF THE KIDNEY (OFTEN LEFT K). SAME ECHOGENICITY AS ADJACENT RENAL CORTEX

6

DUPLEX COLLECTING SYSTEM

IN THIS VARIANT THERE ARE 2 SEPARATE RENAL SINUSES. REFERRED TO AS UPPER POLE MOIETY AND LOWER POLE MOIETY. OBSTRUCTION OF ONE OR BOTH CAN OCCUR, 2 URETERS DRAIN SEPARATE PORTIONS OF THE KIDNEY.
KINDNEY WILL MEASURE LONGER THAN NORMAL SIZE KIDNEY

7

ECTOPIC KIDNEY

PELVIC - ONE OR BOTH KID. MAY BE LOCATED WITHIN THE PELVIS.
CROSSED FUSED ECTOPIA- BOTH KID ARE FUSED ON THE SAME SIDE OF THE BODY.
THORACIC KID - SITS PARTIALLY OR COMPLETELY IN THE CHEST

8

EXTRARENAL PELVIS

THE RENAL PELVIS IS LOCATED OUSIDE OF THE HILUM

9

FETAL LOBULATION

LOBULATED OR BUMPY OUTLINE OF KID

10

HORSESHOE KID

2 KID THAT CROSS THE MIDLINE AND CONNECT AT THEIR LOWER POLES BY AN ISTHMUS.
THE ISTHMUS OF THE HORSESHOE KID TRAVELS ANTERIOR TO AORTA AND IVC

11

HYPERTROPHIC COLUMN OF BERTIN

ENLARGEMENT OF RENAL COLUMN SEEN AS INDENTATION OF RENAL SINUS

12

JUNCTIONAL PARENCHYMAL DEFECT

RESULTS FROM INCOPLETE FUSION.
APPEARS AS HYPERECHOIC, WEDGE SHAPE STRUCTURE ON THE ANTERIOR PORTION OF THE KID; LOCATED BETWEEN UPPER AND MIDDLE SECTION OF THE KID

13

MALROTATED KID

IN RENAL FOSSA BUT OFF OF THE NORMAL AXIS

14

RENAL AGENESIS

CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF THE KID
B/L RENAL AGENESIS IS NOT CONSISTENT WITH LIFE

15

RENAL HYPOPLASIA

UNDERDEVELOPMENT OF KID. TOO FEW NEPHRONS.
KID WILL BE SMALLER THAN NORMAL

16

RENAL SINIS LIPOMATOSIS

EXCESSIVE FAT W/IN THE RENAL PELVIS.
RENAL SINUS WILL BE LARGE AND ECHOGENIC

17

SUPERNUMERY KID

A 3RD SMALLER KID