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The Urinary Tract -u/s > Lab Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Test Deck (16)
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1

Urinalysis includes

Evaluation of urine for bacteria (bacteruria), pus (pyuria), blood (hematuria), and protein (proteinuria)

2

Blood tests may be used to analyze levels of

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
Creatinine, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)

3

Bacteruria

Acute pyelonephritis.
UTI

4

Pyuria

UTI.
Usually accompanied by bacteria

5

Hematuria

Acute and chronic pyelonephritis.
Hypernephroma (renal cell carcinoma).
Infarction.
Trauma.
Urinary calculi.

6

Proteinuria

Benign or malignant masses.
Glumerulonephritis.
Infection.
Nephrotic syndrome.
Acute and chronic pyelonephritis.
Urinary calculi

7

Urine PH (abnormal)

Urinary calculi (used to determine composition of stones)

8

Specific gravity

Low-renal failure
High- dehydration

9

Elevated WBCs in urine

UTI

10

Elevated BUN

Renal failure.
Parenchymal disease.
Renal obstruction.
Dehydration.
DM.
Hemorrhage.

11

BUN - reduction

Liver disease and failure.
Malnutrition.
Overhydration.
Smoking.
Pregnancy.

12

Creatinine- elevation

Renal failure.
Chronic nephritis.
Renal obstruction.
DM.
Reduced renal blood flow.

13

LDH - elevation

Renal infarction.
Chronic renal disease.

14

Elevated WBC's

Infection or inflammation

15

WBCs - reduction

Chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy.
Toxic reaction.

16

Hematocrit-reduction

Acute hemorrhage