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The Urinary Tract -u/s > Anatomy And Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy And Physiology Deck (12)
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1

Upper urinary tract

Kidneys and ureters

2

Lower urinary tract

Bladder and urethra

3

Functional unit of kidney

Nephron

4

Kidneys are responsible for

Detoxify the blood
Regulate BP
Maintain normal ph, iron, and salt levels in the blood

5

Where do kidneys initially develop

Within the pelvis
They ascend into normal position by 9 week gestation

6

Pelvic kidney

Most common location for ectopic kidney
In the pelvis

7

Kidney location

Retroperitoneal
Left kidney is higher and a little longer

8

Gerota's fascia

Fibrous envelope of tissue that surrounds the kidney and adrenal gland

9

The renal parenchyma consists of

Renal medulla and renal cortex

10

Renal medulla

Inner part of the parenchyma, is responsible for absorption

It includes the renal pyramids

11

Renal cortex

Responsible for filtration of the blood
It is the outer part of the renal parenchyma.

12

Renal sinus

Funnel shape structure that collects the urine before it moves to the ureter

Contains the renal collecting system, which is composed of the minor calices, renal pelvis, and infundibula.