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Flashcards in South Africa Deck (31):
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What are some main grapes of South Africa?

Chenin Blanc
Cab Sauv
Pinotage
Shiraz
Sauv Blanc
Muscat of Alexandria
Cinsault
Merlot
Colombard
Chardonnay

1

What is cap classique and what grapes are included in them?

South African sparkling blends usually of Sauv Blanc, Chenin Blanc, Chardonnay and/or Pinot noir.

2

What historical/political event made it difficult for South Africa to become part of the international wine trade? When did that begin to change?

Apartheid. Trade bans were lifted in 1991.

3

Describe cape blends from South Africa.

Minimum 30% pinotage. The rest may include Merlot and other varietals.

4

What is constantia and how did it affect the South African wine trade?

A sweet Muscat-based wine. It became popular in the 1700s in Europe and that's why South Africa considers itself old world.

5

What is steen?

Chenin Blanc in south africa

6

What is the name of the law/classification system of South Africa?

Wine of Origin System

7

In South Africa, what percentage of grapes must be from a labeled region? From a labeled vintage? if a grape is on the label, what percentage of that grape must be present in the wine?

Region 100%
Vintage and grape 85%

8

In South Africa, what is the order of the division of geographical areas?

Geographical units
Regions
Districts
Wards
Estates
Single vineyards

9

In South Africa, what happens if wines are blended from different geographical units?

They cannot claim WO status

10

What is the Integrated Production of Wine Scheme?

South African voluntary certification for WO producers wishing to comply with sustainable environmental standards

11

What is the climate in South Africa?

Maritime on the coast, but more Mediterranean, warm and humid, inland.

12

What are three natural cooling mechanisms that effect the South African climate?

Benguela currents bring coolness from Antarctica
Cape doctor winds
Indian/Atlantic currents

13

What is another term for red cape sandstone?

Hutton

14

Where are most vineyards located in South Africa?

Souther third of the country conducive to grape growing.
Vineyards fan out around Cape Town, getting hotter and drier the further north they are.

15

What are five Geographical units of South Africa?

western cape
Northern cape
Eastern cape
Kwazulu natal
Limpopo

16

What are three major co-ops/large firms in South Africa?

KWV, Vrendenal and Distell

17

What do South African pinotage or shirazes pair well with?

BBQ

18

What is the leaf roll virus?

Red, curled leaf edges. Diminished yields and ripening abilities. spread through grafting infected materials. Found in South Africa.

19

What are three major regions for fortified wines in South Africa?

Boberg, Klein Karoo and Paarl

20

What is south Africa's main region of production and what are its districts?

Coastal Region

swartland
Tulbagh
Darling
Paarl
Tygerberg
Durbanville
Constantia
Cape point
Stellenbosch

21

Which district of South Africa is located on the cape peninsula and what is the area known for?

Constantia

Muscat dessert wines

22

Which district in South Africa is home to the KWV co-op?

paarl

23

What are two subdistricts or wards of Paarl?

Wellington
Franschhoek Valley

24

What varietals are major in Stellenbosch?

Pinotage
Cabernet Sauvignon

25

What is a cool, coastal climate region of South Africa? What are the districts therein and what grapes are grown there?

Cape south coast region

Elgin
Walker bay
Overberg

Sauv Blanc
Chardonnay
Pinot noir

26

What are the six regions of the Western Cape geographic unit in South Africa?

coastal Region
Cape south coast
Breede River valley
Klein Karoo
Olifants River
No erg

27

What are two grapes commonly grown in Klein Karoo?

Tinta barroca
Muscat

28

What are two regions known for dessert wines in South Africa?

Klein Karoo
Constantia

29

What grapes are commonly grown in boberg, South Africa?

Shiraz
Pinotage

30

Where are Worcester and Robertson districts? What grape is common there?

Breede River valley region, western cape GU in South Africa.

Chardonnay