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Flashcards in South Africa ~ General Deck (46):
1

Regions of

South Africa

NEW-LK

Northern Cape

Eastern Cape

Western Cape

Limpopo

Kwazulu-Natal

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2

What is KWV?

Ko-Operatieve
Wijnbouwers Vereniging

-Body formed in 1918 to bring back South Africa's wine industry from ruin.

-Was granted far reaching powers in the 1924 Wine & Spirits Control Act.

-Became a private co-operative in 1997.

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3

What is SAWIT?

South African Wine Industry Trust

-Body formed in 1999 that now regulates the South African Wine Industry.

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4

What is the IPW?

Integrated Production of Wine

- A voluntary program that producers can enter into who who want to practice sustainable environmental practices

- Begun in 1998, and overseen by the South Africa Wine & Spirits Board

- In 2010 SA Wine & Spirits Board, and SAWIT began a joint program.  They started awarding different WO labels to producers that scored 60% or above.

- Program was so sucessful that by 2012 85% of participating producers qualified for the new IPW label.

Wineries accrue "points" for:
- agricultural practices
- worker safety
- emissions
- waste practices
- vineyard bio-diversity
- and more

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5

What is Nederberg?

First producer of a Botrytised dessert wine of South Africa. 

Located in Paarl. 

It is also the home of the annual auction of "rare" Cape wines.

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6

What is the important current of South Africa?

What does it do?

Benguela Current

- It is a flow of cool water that flows up from Antarctica along Africa's West Coast.  It helps keep South Africa cool.  The current regulates temperature by bringing masses of cool water and also cool air with it.

- Interacts with the Agulhaus CurrentMocambique Current that brings warm water from the Equator in the Indian Ocean.

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7

What is the famous wind of South Africa?

What does it do?

Cape Doctor

- It cools the region down, and staves off rot.

- It is a Southeasterly wind that blows across the Wesern Cape from the Indian Ocean. 

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8

South Africa Requirements for putting

Varietal on the label?

85% minimum

If it is a blended wine the varietals can be listed on the label if:
- The varietals are vinified separately
- Any stated varietals are at least 20% of the blend

9

South Africa requirements for putting

Region on the label?

100% of the grapes must come from the stated region

10

What are the distinctions of

Geographical ares in South Africa?

[largest-smallest]

GRD-WS

Geographical Unit

Region
(Western Cape is only one w/ Regions)

District

Ward

Single Vineyard
(6 ha Max)

11

What is Van Der Hume?

Naartjie Tangerine based liqueur

(kind of like RSA's Gran Marnier)

----------

South Africa

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12

What is Amarula?

Cream & Amarula fruit liqueur

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South Africa

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13

Wine Districts of

Northern Cape

Douglas

Sutherland-Karoo

14

Wine Wards of

Northern Cape

Hartswater

Central Orange River

Rietrivier FS

Note:
These are not part of any Wine District or Wine Region.

15

Wine Ward of

Eastern Cape

St. Francis

Note:
- Not part of any other Wine District or Region.

- Area shown in map is not official. Cannot find any maps of the region, but this is approximately where it is...

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16

Wine Regions of

Western Cape

OCB-BKC

Oliphants River Region

Coastal Region

*Boberg River Region
(Inside Coastal Region - Fortified Only!)
(3 Districts: Paarl, Tulbagh, Franschhoek)

Breede River Valley Region

Klein Karoo Region

Cape South Coast Region

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17

What body of water separates

Cape Peninsula from Stellenbosch?

False Bay

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18

What is the Max size of a

named Single Vineyard in South Africa?

6 ha

19

What does Stellenbosch mean?

"Town of Oaks"

20

Most planted grape in South Africa?

Chenin Blanc

20% of all plantings (GuildSomm)
{WOSA says 18.5%}

==========

Most planted red:
Cabernet Sauvignon
11.1% of all plantings (WOSA)

21

Most planted grapes in Stellenbosch?

white:
Sauvignon Blanc

red:
Cabernet Sauvignon

22

What is Cape Riesling?

Crouchen Blanc

23

What is Chenel?

Chenin Blanc
x
Ugni Blanc

24

What is Hanepoot?

Muscat of Alexandria

25

What is Pontac?

A tenturier grape in South Africa

==========

NOTE:
- is sometimes plantd at the end of rows to help fend off attacks on the vineyards by monkeys.  The thought is that the monkeys eat it and think the red juice is their blood so they run away.**

** source: Winegrape Glossary

- the other tenturier grape of RSA is Roobernet
(Cab Sauv x Alicante Bouschet)

26

What is Green Grape?

Semillon

Note:
- Half of the plantings of Semillon in South Africa are located in Worcester for bulk wine production

27

What is Crouchen Blanc?

Cape Riesling

28

What is Ruby Cabernet?

Cabernet Sauvignon
x
Carignan

Note:
- Grown in Worcestire District

29

What is Pinotage?

Pinot Noir
x
Cinsault
(aka: Hermitage)

Note:
- Created in 1925 by Abraham Perold

30

What is Hermitage?

Cinsault

31

What is Roobernet?

A tenturier grape in South Africa

Cabernet Sauvignon
x
Alicante Bouschet

==========

NOTE:
- is sometimes plantd at the end of rows to help fend off attacks on the vineyards by monkeys.  The thought is that the monkeys eat it and think the red juice is their blood so they run away.**

** source: Winegrape Glossary

- the other tenturier grape of RSA is Pontac

32

Where is half of South Africa's Semillon planted?

Worcester District

[Breede River Valley]
[Western Cape]

Mainly for bulk wine production...

33

Most planted red grape in South Africa?

Cabernet Sauvignon

11.1% of all plantings

==========

most planted white:
Chenin Blanc
20% of all plantings (GuildSomm)
(WOSA says 18.5%)

34

Most planted white grape in South Africa?

Chenin Blanc

20% of all plantings (GuildSomm)
{WOSA says 18.5%}

==========

Most planted red:
Cabernet Sauvignon
11.1% of all plantings (WOSA)

35

What is Semillon also known as in RSA?

Green Grape

36

What is Oesjaar?

Vintage

37

What is Landgoedwyn?

Estate Wine

Must be:
- Produced from contiguous parcels of vineyard land
- Vinified and bottled on a single property

38

What is Jerepigo/Jerepiko?

Sweet wines

160 g/l min RS

==========

Moscatel is a popular variety for these

Popular among
"Old Timers"
&
"Heavy Drinkers"

39

Name the Cream liqueur of South Africa

Amarula

NOTE:
Named after the amarula fruit that is used to produce it.

40

Name the fruit based liqueur of South Africa

Van Der Hume = Tangerines

41

What is Edelkeur?

Botrytis Chinera

42

What is Laat Oes?

Late Harvest wines

10-30 g/l RS

Does not have Edelkeur
(Botrytis)

43

What is Spesiale Laat Oes?

Special Late Harvest wines

30 g/l min RS

Must have some Edelkeur
(Botrytis)

44

What mountains surround

Stellenbosch?

SSH

Simonsberg Mountain
(to the east/northeast)

Stellenbosch Mountain
includes Jonkershoek & Franschoek mountains
(to the southeast)

Heldeberg Mountain
(to the south)

45

Where are South Africa's

highest elevation planting?

Cederberg

46

Why is Riesling called Weisser Riesling

in South Africa?

To distinguish it from Cape Riesling (aka: Crouchen Blanc)