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Flashcards in Spain Deck (78):
1

What are the 2 DOCa's in Spain?

Rioja
Priorat (DOQ in Catalan)

2

What is the PGI classification in Spain?

VdIT - Vino de la Tierra

2 Important ones - VdIT de Castilla
VdIT de Castilla y Leon

3

What are the 4 Classifications of PDO wines in Spain?

DO - Denominacion de Origen
DOCa - Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOs of at least 10 yrs can apply)
VP - Vinos de Pago - single estates 9
VCIG - Vinos de Calidad con Inidicacion Geografica - stepping stone from Vdit to DO.

4

How long must a Joven wine be aged for?

No ageing requirements. Bottled in the year following the vintage.

5

What are the four ageing classifications in Spain?

Joven, Crianza, Reserva, Gran Reserva

6

How long must a Crianza wine be aged for?

Red: min 24 months - 6 mo of that in oak
White/Rose: min 18 months - no min for oak

7

How long must Reserva wine be aged for in Spain?

Red: min 36 months - 12 mo small oak
White/Rose: 18 months - 6 mo in small oak

8

How long must Gran Reserva wine be aged for in Spain?

Red: Min 60 months - 18 in small oak
White/Rose: Min 48 months - 6 mo in small oak

9

What is the ageing requirements for Crianza wine from Rioja and Ribero Del Duero?

Red: 24 months - min 12 in oak

10

What is the ageing requirements for Gran Reserva wine from Rioja and Ribero Del Duero?

Red: 60 months - 24 in small oak
White/Rose (Rioja only) - 48 months - 12 in oak

11

T/F: White wine is made in Ribera Del Duero?

False

12

Describe the three climatic regions in Spain?

North West: moderate, maritime
East Coast: warm/hot mediterranean
Center: Hot continental

13

What is the name of the central plateau in Spain? And what growing conditions does it provide?

The Meseta

Removed from influence from both sea and mountains. Created an extremely hot flat desert area

14

T/F: White grape varieties account of the majority of plantings in Spain?

True!

15

What is the main grape used for rose in Spain?

Garnacha Tinto

16

What is the main grape of Priorat?

Garnacha Tinto

17

What is the main grape of Jumilla and Yecla region?

Monastrell - it is also grown in Catalunya where it is mainly used for Cava

18

Describe the wine style of Monastrell

Very dark, powerful spicy wines with high tannin and alcohol and med to low acidity

19

What is Carinena called in Rioja?

Mazuelo

20

Where is Mencia produced and what does it taste like?

Bierzo
med-high acid, fresh fruit, sometimes hint of herbaciousness

21

This grape used to be used for sherry and is highly susceptible to oxidation. It is thick skinned and resistant to fungal disease.
What is it?

Verdejo

22

What is the dominant grape found in Rias Baixas

Albarino

23

Describe the wine style of Albarino

intense peach, apricot fruit with high acid

24

What is the most widely planted grape in Spain?

Airen

25

Where is Airen most found ?

La Mancha

26

Which grape is used in the production of Brandy de Jerez?

Airen

27

Three grapes of Cava?

Parellada, Xarel-lo and Macabeo

28

What is Macabeo called in Rioja

Viura

29

What grape is used in heavily oaked white Riojas?

Viura

30

What are the biggest viticulture challenges in Spain?

heat and lack of water

31

What training system is the best way to manage heat and water in Spain?

Low density, bush trained vineyard. Maximizes use of water and shades fruit from excessive heat.

32

Navarra, Rioja, Calatayud and Cariena are DOCS found in what region?

Upper Ebro

33

Catalunya, Penedes and Priorat are DOCS found in which region?

Catalonia

34

Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, VDiT Castilla y Leon are found in which region?

The Duero Valley

35

Rias Baixas and Bierzo are found in which region?

North West Spain

36

Valencia, Jumilla and Yelca are found in which region?

Levante

37

La Mancha, Valdepenas, Vinos de Pado ad VdiT de Castilla are found in which region?

Castilla-La Mancha

38

What is the principle city in Rioja on the river Ebro?

Logrono

39

What is the mountain range protect Rioja from Atlantic weather system?

Cantabrain Mountains

40

What are the three regions of Rioja?

Rioja Alavesa, Alta and Baja

41

Describe the soil in Rioja Alavesa?

Chalky and the wines are the lightest of Rioja - for finesse

42

What is the main grape grown in Rioja Alavesa and Rioja Alta?

Tempranillo

43

What is the soil like in Rioja Alta?

Limestone based clay, reddish - lots of Iron

44

What is the main grape grown in Rioja Baja?

Garnacha Tinto

45

What is the climate and soil like in Rioja Baja ?

More continental than other parts of Rioja.
Heavy clays.

46

What are the main white grape varieties of Rioja ?

Vieura, Malvasia, and Garnacha Blanca

47

What are the main red varieties of Rioja?

Tempranillo, Garnacha, Mazuelo, Graciano

48

What % of Rioja wine is made into Rose?

15%

49

What are the main grape varieties in Navarra?

Tempranillo, Garnacha, Cab Sauv and Merlot

50

What style of wine is Navarra known for?

Roses (Garnacha) and Temp and Garnacha with international red blends

51

T/F: Carinena is widely planted in Carinena

False

52

How do the three distinct climatic zones in Penedes affect which grapes they grow?

Costal Plain has hot dry summers/Mediterranean climate. Produces full bodied reds from Garnacha and Monastrell

Inland in the valleys, more temperate climate - white wine grapes are grown for the production of Cava.

Into the hills - higher altitudes, cooler climate - varieties such as riesling, gewurtz, pinot noir grown.

53

What is Mourvedre known as in Penedes?

Monstrell

54

What is the best known soil in Priorat?

Llicorella - red slate and mica
it sparkles in the sun
-Helps to retain warmth and are extremely low in nutrients. Because of the depth retains sufficient water during growing season

55

What is the wine style of Priorat?

deeply coloured, high tannins, retained alcohol levels and concentrated fruit aromas.
Fresh black fruit and new French oak.

56

What are the main grapes in a Priorat blend?

Garnacha and Carinena (some int'l grapes blended in)

57

What is the climate of Ribera del Duero?

Continental. Cut of from any maritime influence by a ring of mountains.

58

Where are the best vineyards located in the Meseta?

At the highest point

59

Compare Tempranillo from Rioja and Ribera Del Duero.

Clone grown in Ribera del Duero is Tinto Fino. It has a thicker skin and has more astringency and tannin.

60

Compare winemaking styles or Rioja and Ribera del Duero

Ribera del Duero naturally darkening in colour, uses more maceration and shorter ageing in new oak that tend to be more French than American. Accentuate black fruit and plum character.

61

Where is Vega Sicilia located?

Ribera del Duero

62

What is the tempranillo clone in Toro?

Tina de Toro. Thick skinnned.

63

What is the traditional grape of the Rueda region?

Verdejo

64

What are the two main white grapes found in Rueda?

Verdejo and Sauv Blanc

65

T/F: Rueda is white wine focused region

True

66

Where is Rias Baixas located?

The Galician coast

67

T/F: Brush trained vines are planted in Rias Baixas?

False - Vines are trained on Pergolas instead

68

What is the main grape of Rias Baixas?

Albarino

69

What is tempranillo known as in Le Mancha

Cencibel

70

What is a key factor in determining quality wines in Ribera del Duero

altitude

71

What i grapes is rose cava made from?

Garnacha and Monastrell

72

Describe the taste profile of a cava?

Most are dry, med acid, some character os autolysis, can be smokey, rubbery (rather than bread and toast).

73

T/F: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are not permitted in Cava.

False. They are permitted

74

T/F: Most cava is suitable for ageing?

False

75

Describe vinification techniques used to make Albarino is Rais Baixas and what is the prince range?

Delicate handling and temp control - delicate fruit flavour
Some wine have added weight from oak and skin contact
mid-high priced

76

Describe the wine style and vinification of Rioja Rosada Joven

Made from Garnacha grape
picked early to retain acidity and limit sugar levels
dry, fruity med bodied
colour comes from limited time on skins
Temperature controlled and anaerobic environments are key to this style
inexpensive to mid priced

77

Describe the wine style and vinification of Douro

High priced
Rich, full bodied, black fruit and tannic
same grapes as port
best producers are using new oak

78

Describe the wine style and vinification of Rioja Gran Reserva

high/premium priced
wine made in Northern spain
Tempranillo, Garnacha, Mazuelo, Graciano
5 years ageing, 2 in oak, 3 in bottle
only made in outstanding vintages
med-full bodied
red fruit and spicy oak