Flashcards in Italy Deck (66):
What are the 2 Italian Wine PDO's
DOCG - Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita
-must meet all DOC requirement and be bottled in region of production.
DOC - Denominazione di Origine Controllata
PDO wines names are derived from three categories...
Locale : Borolo, Taurasi and Collio - derived from places
Grapes and Locale: Brunello di Montalcino, Barbera d'asti
HIstorical: Chianti, Valpolicella - from Greek nomenclature
what is the Classico labelling term in Italy?
wines made from their original appellation - usually better quality
what is Riserva in Italy?
higher quality, more alcohol, longer ageing. Often applied to an average quality wine when released the following vintage.
Describe the passito process
-only perfectly healthy bunch are used
-dried on mats in the sun or on racks in a room called a FRUTTAIO
-will dry for a few weeks to 6 months depending on climate
What are some examples of white passito wines?
Recioto de soave DOCG
Passito di Pantelleria DOC
Tuscany's vin santo DOC
What are example of red passito wines?
Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG
Recioto della Valpolicella (sweet)
What is the climate of Italy?
Mediterranean, cooler in North, Hotter in south
What is a big environmental hazard in Piedemonte?
Which appellations in Italy have Marine soils?
(clay with limestone mix)
Valpolicella, Barolo, Barbaresco, Chianti
Barbera favours ______ soil, while Nebbiolo favours ____ soil.
Name DOC(G)'s that have volcanic soil
Soave, Colli Euganei, Lacryma Christi and Etna.
What type of trellising is used in Puglia and Sicily?
What is the largest area under vine in Italy?
Piedmonte - more than 50 appellations
soil type and geography of Piemonte
steep limestone hills - south facing sites are the best
Min aging requirement for Barolo
min 3 yrs before release, of which 18 months must be in oak
What kind of oak is used in Barolo
modern producer using french barrique, traditional producers using Slovanian oak bottes
What is the ageing requirement for riserva Barolo?
min ageing 5 yrs, 18 months in oak
what are the two different soils of Barolo and how do they affect the flavour of the wine?
Blue tinted Tortonian Soil (Barolo and La Morra) - softer, fruiter, early maturing style
- Beige Helvetian soils (Monforte and Serralunga) - more structured, takes longer to mature
fun fact: Castiglione has both types
What DOC overlaps both Barolo and Barbaresco?
Langhe DOC - can have great value Nebbiolo
Where is Roero DOCG and what does it make?
In piemonte - makes Nebbiolo and Arneis
Where is Barbera d'Asti from and what does it taste like?
Piemonte. HIgh acid, low tannin
Where is dolcetto d'asti found and what does it taste like?
Piemonte - high tannin, low acid.
Where is Dogliani DOCG and what is it known for?
Where is Gavi DOCG and produces wine from which grape variety?
What region is the most important for making Vermouth in Italy
What is made in Lombardy?
What are the main grape varieties of Alto Adige?
Red: Schiava and Lagrein
W: Riesling, Gewurtz
What are the main grapes of Trentino?
W: Pinot Grigio
What are the main grapes of Grave del Friuli DOC?
Bordeaux blends and refosco
W: Tocai Friulano, pinot gris
Where is Collio DOC and what is made there?
in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Makes whites only, Tocai Friulano, Pinot Gris...et al
What is the largest DOC wine producing region in Italy?
Where are vineyards in Veneto located?
On the foothills of the Dolomites. From Lake Garda across to the River Piave. Most planting encircle Verona.
What are the 2 biggest Italian exports?
Soil of Valpolicella DOC?
limestone and granite slopes
Principle grape of Valpolicella and flavour profile
Corvina - sappy herbal note overlaid with black fruit
What are the 3 grapes of Valpolicella
Corvina, Rondella, Molinara
Compare and contrast Valpolicella Classico, Amarone della Valpolicella and Recioto della Valpolicella
Valpolicella Classico: light, fruity, best drunk young
Amarone della Valpolicella - passito grapes
-more alcohol, more body, some RS - notes of chocolate and dark rum and leather
Recioto della Valpolicella - made with passito grapes
Where is Bardolino DOC and what is it known for?
North East Italy, Veneto.
Rose made from Corvina *Bardolino Chiaretto DOC = awesome rose
What is Italy's most produced white wine?
What are the soils like in Soave Classico?
Volcanic steep hills with basalt subsoil
Describe a Soave wine?
med + acid, pronounced floral notes and camomile and iris
True or false - you can blend Merlot into Chianti DOCG
Chianti DOCG - 20% other grape varieties permitted (inclds Colorino, Canaiolo, Cab Sauv, Merlot)
Min ageing for Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG
climate of Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG
maritime - alpine hybrid. Get some humid air from the Apennines
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano compared to Brunello?
matures more quickly but lacks finesse of Brunello
What is the grape used Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG?
Grape used in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano?
What are Super-Tuscans classified as?
What is the blend for Super-Tuscans
Wines based on Sangiovese - with cab, merlot, syrah...etc.
What is the white wine DOCG in Tuscany?
Vernaccia di San Gimignano - made from Vernaccia
Verdicchio dei Castelli de Jesi DOC is located where?
Conero DOCG is located where? What grape?
Marche. Based on Montepulciano and Sangiovese
Where is Orvieto and what is it made with?
Umbira. Made with Grenetto blended with Trebbiano, Malvasia
Key DOC wine region in Lazio? What is it known for?
Frascati DOC - made with Malvasia and Trebbiano
What are the key DOC wines of Abruzzo? R and W?
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo and Trebbiano d'Abruzzo
What is the key DOCG wine region in Campania and what is it known for? Tasting note?
Taurasi DOCG = aglianico
Super tannic - Barolo of the south, high acid
Floral, balckberry black cherry new oak
Salice Salentino and Copertino are located where? What are they known for?
Negroamaro and Malvasia Nera. Located in Puglia
What grape(s) is Puglia IGT made of?
Primativo, Negra Amaro and others
True or false: Puglia has terra rosa soil?
What is the main DOC of Basilicata?
Aglianico del Vulture
What is made in Sicily IGT?
Nero D'avola, cab, merlot, chard, shiraz..etc.
Where is Mt Etna
What is made on Mt Etna?
What is Grenache known as in Sardinia?