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Flashcards in Italy Deck (66):
1

What are the 2 Italian Wine PDO's

DOCG - Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita
-must meet all DOC requirement and be bottled in region of production.

DOC - Denominazione di Origine Controllata

2

PDO wines names are derived from three categories...

Locale : Borolo, Taurasi and Collio - derived from places

Grapes and Locale: Brunello di Montalcino, Barbera d'asti

HIstorical: Chianti, Valpolicella - from Greek nomenclature

3

what is the Classico labelling term in Italy?

wines made from their original appellation - usually better quality

4

what is Riserva in Italy?

higher quality, more alcohol, longer ageing. Often applied to an average quality wine when released the following vintage.

5

Describe the passito process

-only perfectly healthy bunch are used
-dried on mats in the sun or on racks in a room called a FRUTTAIO
-will dry for a few weeks to 6 months depending on climate

6

What are some examples of white passito wines?

Recioto de soave DOCG
Passito di Pantelleria DOC
Tuscany's vin santo DOC

7

What are example of red passito wines?

Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG
Recioto della Valpolicella (sweet)

8

What is the climate of Italy?

Mediterranean, cooler in North, Hotter in south

9

What is a big environmental hazard in Piedemonte?

hail

10

Which appellations in Italy have Marine soils?
(clay with limestone mix)

Valpolicella, Barolo, Barbaresco, Chianti
Cortese, Verdicchio

11

Barbera favours ______ soil, while Nebbiolo favours ____ soil.

clay, limestone

12

Name DOC(G)'s that have volcanic soil

Soave, Colli Euganei, Lacryma Christi and Etna.

13

What type of trellising is used in Puglia and Sicily?

brush-trained (alberello)

14

What is the largest area under vine in Italy?

Piedmonte - more than 50 appellations

15

soil type and geography of Piemonte

steep limestone hills - south facing sites are the best

16

Min aging requirement for Barolo

min 3 yrs before release, of which 18 months must be in oak

17

What kind of oak is used in Barolo

modern producer using french barrique, traditional producers using Slovanian oak bottes

18

What is the ageing requirement for riserva Barolo?

min ageing 5 yrs, 18 months in oak

19

what are the two different soils of Barolo and how do they affect the flavour of the wine?

Blue tinted Tortonian Soil (Barolo and La Morra) - softer, fruiter, early maturing style

- Beige Helvetian soils (Monforte and Serralunga) - more structured, takes longer to mature

fun fact: Castiglione has both types

20

What DOC overlaps both Barolo and Barbaresco?

Langhe DOC - can have great value Nebbiolo

21

Where is Roero DOCG and what does it make?

In piemonte - makes Nebbiolo and Arneis

22

Where is Barbera d'Asti from and what does it taste like?

Piemonte. HIgh acid, low tannin

23

Where is dolcetto d'asti found and what does it taste like?

Piemonte - high tannin, low acid.

24

Where is Dogliani DOCG and what is it known for?

Piemonte. Dolcetto

25

Where is Gavi DOCG and produces wine from which grape variety?

Piemonte. Cortese.

26

What region is the most important for making Vermouth in Italy

Piemonte

27

What is made in Lombardy?

Francicorta!

28

What are the main grape varieties of Alto Adige?

Red: Schiava and Lagrein
W: Riesling, Gewurtz

29

What are the main grapes of Trentino?

Red: Teroldego
W: Pinot Grigio

30

What are the main grapes of Grave del Friuli DOC?

Bordeaux blends and refosco
W: Tocai Friulano, pinot gris

31

Where is Collio DOC and what is made there?

in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Makes whites only, Tocai Friulano, Pinot Gris...et al

32

What is the largest DOC wine producing region in Italy?

Veneto

33

Where are vineyards in Veneto located?

On the foothills of the Dolomites. From Lake Garda across to the River Piave. Most planting encircle Verona.

34

What are the 2 biggest Italian exports?

Soave, Chainti

35

Soil of Valpolicella DOC?

limestone and granite slopes

36

Principle grape of Valpolicella and flavour profile

Corvina - sappy herbal note overlaid with black fruit

37

What are the 3 grapes of Valpolicella

Corvina, Rondella, Molinara

38

Compare and contrast Valpolicella Classico, Amarone della Valpolicella and Recioto della Valpolicella

Valpolicella Classico: light, fruity, best drunk young
Amarone della Valpolicella - passito grapes
-more alcohol, more body, some RS - notes of chocolate and dark rum and leather
Recioto della Valpolicella - made with passito grapes

39

Where is Bardolino DOC and what is it known for?

North East Italy, Veneto.
Rose made from Corvina *Bardolino Chiaretto DOC = awesome rose

40

What is Italy's most produced white wine?

Soave

41

What are the soils like in Soave Classico?

Volcanic steep hills with basalt subsoil

42

Describe a Soave wine?

med + acid, pronounced floral notes and camomile and iris

43

True or false - you can blend Merlot into Chianti DOCG

True!
Chianti DOCG - 20% other grape varieties permitted (inclds Colorino, Canaiolo, Cab Sauv, Merlot)

44

Min ageing for Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG

5 yrs

45

climate of Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG

maritime - alpine hybrid. Get some humid air from the Apennines

46

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano compared to Brunello?

matures more quickly but lacks finesse of Brunello

47

What is the grape used Brunello Di Montalcino DOCG?

Sangiovese

48

Grape used in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano?

Sangiovese

49

What are Super-Tuscans classified as?

IGT Toscana

50

What is the blend for Super-Tuscans

Wines based on Sangiovese - with cab, merlot, syrah...etc.

51

What is the white wine DOCG in Tuscany?

Vernaccia di San Gimignano - made from Vernaccia

52

Verdicchio dei Castelli de Jesi DOC is located where?

Marche

53

Conero DOCG is located where? What grape?

Marche. Based on Montepulciano and Sangiovese

54

Where is Orvieto and what is it made with?

Umbira. Made with Grenetto blended with Trebbiano, Malvasia

55

Key DOC wine region in Lazio? What is it known for?

Frascati DOC - made with Malvasia and Trebbiano

56

What are the key DOC wines of Abruzzo? R and W?

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo and Trebbiano d'Abruzzo

57

What is the key DOCG wine region in Campania and what is it known for? Tasting note?

Taurasi DOCG = aglianico
Super tannic - Barolo of the south, high acid
Floral, balckberry black cherry new oak

58

Salice Salentino and Copertino are located where? What are they known for?

Negroamaro and Malvasia Nera. Located in Puglia

59

What grape(s) is Puglia IGT made of?

Primativo, Negra Amaro and others

60

True or false: Puglia has terra rosa soil?

true

61

What is the main DOC of Basilicata?

Aglianico del Vulture

62

What is made in Sicily IGT?

Nero D'avola, cab, merlot, chard, shiraz..etc.

63

Where is Mt Etna

In Sicily

64

What is made on Mt Etna?

Nero d'Avola

65

What is Grenache known as in Sardinia?

Cannonau

66

Wines made from Barbera are typically...

Red, high in acid low on tannin.