Specialisation In Animal Cells Flashcards Preview

Biology Paper 1: Chapter 1 - Cells And Organisation > Specialisation In Animal Cells > Flashcards

Flashcards in Specialisation In Animal Cells Deck (10)
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1
Q

As an Organism Develops, Cells _______________ to Form Different Types of ______________ Cells.

A

Differentiate…Specialised…

2
Q

As a Cell Differentiates, it gets Different Sub-Cellular Structures that Enable it to Carry Out a Particular ___________. It has Become _______________.

A

Function…Specialised…

3
Q

Some Specialised Cells Work Individually. Others are ___________ to Work as Part of a Tissue, an Organ, or a Whole _____________.

A

Adapted…Organism…

4
Q

Nerve Cells are Specialised to Carry Out ____________ Impulses Around the Body of an Animal. They Provide a Rapid Communication __________ Between the Different Parts of the Body.

A

Electrical…System…

5
Q

Adaptations of Nerve Cells?

A
  • Lots of Dendrites to Make Connections to Other Never Cells.
  • An Axon that Carries the Nerve Impulse From One Place to Another.
  • The Nerve Endings or Synapses are Adapted to Pass the Impulses to Another Cell or Between a Nerve Cell and a Muscle.
6
Q

Muscle Cells are Specialised Cells that Can ___________ and Relax.

A

Contract.

7
Q

Striated Muscle Cells Work Together in __________ Called Muscles.

A

Tissues.

8
Q

Three Main Adaptations of Striated Muscle Cells?

A
  • They Contain Special Proteins that Slide Over Each Other Making the Fibres Contract.
  • They Contain Many Mitochondria to Transfer the Energy Needed for the Chemical Reactions that Take Place as the Cells Contract and Relax.
  • They Can Store Glycogen, a Chemical that can be Broken Down and Used in Cellular Respiration.
9
Q

Sperm Cells Contain Genetic Information From the _______ Parent.

A

Male.

10
Q

Main Adaptations of a Sperm Cell?

A
  • A Long Tail Whips From Side to Side to Help Move the Sperm Through Water or the Female Reproductive System.
  • The Middle Section is Full of Mitochondria, Which Transfer the Energy Needed for the Tail to Work.
  • The Acrosome Stores Digestive Enzymes for Breaking Down the Outer Layers of the Egg.
  • A Large Nucleus Contains the Genetic Information to be Passed on.