Flashcards in Spinal Anatomy Practic Questions Deck (106)
The postzygapophysis of T8 is angled at what degree to the horizontal pane?
The most limited motion in the lumbar spine is?
Hard compact bone will show up on X-rays as
The TVP of a typical vertebra is really composed of two parts, an anterior and a posterior part. Which of the following parts makes up the true TVP?
The pleurapophysis is located on what part of the cervical TVP?
Which of the following percentages of bone mineral change does it take to become radiographically visible?
Origin: lower 1/2 of the ligamentum Nuchae and the SP’s of C-7 through T4. Insertion: superior to the mastoid on the temporal bone and occiput just inferior to the lateral 1/3 of the superior nuchal line. This information best describes which of the following muscles?
What age is a patient considered a child?
Name the most anterior part or portion of the posterior arch
An incomplete closure of the vertebra in the posterior results in _______
What are the muscles that elevate the scapula?
Name the muscle that has its origin on the SPs of T2 through T5 and inserts into the medial border of the scapula
When do the pedicles fuse to the vertebral bodies?
What is the primary function of the facet joint?
Provide for and limit movement of the vertebral segment
The tripod theory of weight bearing states that a typical spinal vertebra will bear the compressive load of weight placed on top of it by _____________________
The two superior articular facets and the vertebral body will bear the weight
What muscle rotates the atlas on the axis?
Obliques captis inferior
The greatest amount of flexion and extension in the facet joints of the cervical spine occurs at ________
What is the number of individual vertebral segments in the spine of a child?
What muscle of the back is innervated by the accessory nerve and attaches to the occiput of the skull, the spine of the scapula as well as the SP of C7-T12
The anterior wall of the IVF at T5/6 vertebral motor unit area is formed by the ______ _____ margins of the vertebral body of the vertebra above and the ______ between the two segments
Which layer of the articular capsule has a rich supply of sensory nerve endings?
The Latissimus dorsi muscle ______ the humerus
What are other names for spina bifida?
What area of the vertebra fuses between the ages of 16 and 20?
What is another name for the pre-zygapophysis?
Superior articular process
Several muscles work together to extend the neck except which one?
All of the following muscles extend and rotate the vertebral column except?
A large muscle associated with the back that extends between the iliac crest and the TVP of the lumbar vertebrae and laterally flexes the lumbar spine is _______
What muscle laterally flexes the neck and helps to raise the first rib?