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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (39)
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1

What are the other names for the intervertebral motor unit

Functional motor unit

physiological motor unit

Vertebral motor unit

2

What is the definition of the intervertebral motor unit?

2 adjacent vertebrae and their contiguous structures

Includes all the muscles ligaments, nerves etc that both vertebrae share

3

What opens up the IVF?

Flexion of vertebrae

4

What descreases cervical lumbar lordosis but increases the thoracic kyphosis?

Flexion of spine

5

What motion closes the IVF?

Extension of the vertebra

6

what increases cervical/lumbar lordosis but decreases the thoracic kyphosis

Extension of the spine

7

What a re the functions of the vertebral column?

Protection and transmission
Stabilization
Support and weight bearing
Shape and position
Motion
Skeletal formation
Resiliency (shock absorption)

8

What is the common fracture of the tip of the spinous of C-7 called?

Clay shovelers fracture

9

What are the most common areas of thoracic compression fracture

Body of T-11 or 12

10

What are the most common areas for lumbar compression fracture

Body of T-12/L-1

11

What is the most common area for sacral fracture?

Horizontal fracture at the 3rd or 4th sacral tubercle area

12

__________ is 2 or more motions taking place at the same time

Coupling motion

13

Cervical lateral bending: ________ moves to the same direction as the lateral bending (same side).
________ moves to the opposite side or contralateral side. T-6/7 and above

Vertebral body moves to the same direction as the lateral bending

Vertebral body moves to the opposite side or contralateral side

14

Lumbar lateral bending: The _______ moves to the opposite side (contralateral) as lateral bending
The ______ ______ moves to the same side (Ipsilateral)

Vertebral body

Spinous process

15

What is the lay definition of a subluxation?

Loss of proper vertebral joint function that may affect proper nerve function and good health

16

A subluxation is a complex clinical entity comprising one or more of what 5 things?

Neuropathophysiology
Kinesiopathophysiology
Myopathology
Histopathology
Biochemical

17

Fertilization take place where?

In the distal 1/3rd of the Fallopian tubes

18

What are the first two main structures that begin developing in the embryo?

Spine and nervous system

Heart and vascular system

19

Once under the endometrial layer, the egg flattens out and becomes the ________

Germ disc

20

The ectodermnal flood of the amniotic cavity thickens and the center of the midline creases and becomes the ________ _______

Neural streak ( neural plate)

21

Once the neural streak (neural plate) then invaginates and becomes the _______ _____ which is the beginnning of the overall nervous system

Neural groove

22

What is the beginning of the overall nervous system?

Neural groove

23

________ surrounds the amniotic cavity and comes together under or anterior to the neuroectoderm tissue

Mesoderm

24

At the cephalon portion of the embryo, a group of cells form (from mesoderm) called the _______ _____

Primitive node or hensen’s node

25

From hensen’s node, cells migrate or elongate to the caudad (inferior) and form a structure that is called _________

Notochord

26

_______ marks the longitudinal axis of the embryonic body

Notochord

27

________ forms the guide for further spinal development

Notochord

28

When does the spine begin to form during what week?

2nd embryonic week

29

______ are a group of mesodermal cells that begin to line up on either side of the notochord

Somites

30

How many pairs of somites are there?

42 to 44