Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Flashcards Preview

Spinal Exam 2 questions > Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Deck (28)
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1

definition of spondylosis

vertebral condition

2

definition of spondylolysis

vertebral seperation or vertebral clevage

3

definition of spondylolisthesis

vertebral slippage

4

location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in spinal II

separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

5

incidence of spondylolysis in the general population

2.6-10%

6

geographic or ethnic bias for higher incidence of spondylolysis

native alaskan (inuit) population

7

lumbar spondylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals

fetuses, newborns, rarely in children under 5yo, patients who have never walked and in non-erect species

8

lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?

uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

9

lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics

familial association, spina bifida occulta, racial/ethinic disparities, gender and locational bias, youthful incidence and activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

10

gender bias and locational bias associated with lumbar spondylolysis

men at L5/S1
women L4/L5

11

age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis

10-20yo

12

activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae

gymnastics, dance, soccer

13

fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis

fibrocartilagenous material

14

name given to the material filling the space in a lumbar spondylolysis

spondylolysis ligament

15

types of neural function(s) associated with the spondylolysis ligament

nociception, neuromodulation and autonomic function

16

appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon olique x-ray view

scotty dog

17

appearance of a defect in the pars interarticularis in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view

collard scotty dog

18

oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the scotty dog

the neck of the scotty dog

19

part of a lumbar vertebra that forms the ear of a scotty dog

Superior articular facet

20

part of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a scotty dog

transverse process

21

characteristics associated with cervical spondylolysis

rare, congenital, gender biased toward men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

22

characteristics associated with sacral spondylolysis

rare in general population, within typical percents in the native alaskan (inuit) population, seems to be acquired, gender biased toward men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

23

ID all names given to type 1 spondylisthesis

dysplastic spondylolisthesis, congenital spondylolisthesis

24

locational bias of type 1 spondylolisthesis

L5 or upper sacral segments

25

additional conditions linked to type 1 spondylolisthesis

spina bifida occulta and nerve root compression of the S1 nerve

26

gender bias, locational bias, and spinal canal dimensions are associated with type 2 spondylolisthesis

isthmic spondylolisthesis is common in men, located at L5/S1 level and demonstrates an increase in sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

27

gender bias, locational bias, and spinal canal dimension changes often associated with type 3 spondylolisthesis

degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in women, particularly at L4/L5, and demonstrates no change in sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

28

causes type 4 spondylolisthesis

fracture of the neural arch components