Flashcards in Sports Psychology Deck (19):
What is an open skill?
Seen in sports such as football where the situation is always changing. The player has to continually adapt to the situation.
What is a closed skill?
They take place in a stable,predictable environment and the player knows exactly what to do and when. These skills are not affected by the environment. E.g 100 m or taking a penalty in football
What is a basic skill?
A skill that the player finds easy and needs little concentration to do e.g a 5 yard side foot pass
What is a complex skill?
They need the players complete attention as it is technically difficult to perform e.g a penalty in football
What is low organisation skill?
They have clear and simple phases or parts e.g a set shot in basketball - you can break down these phases and practice them separately.
What is high organisation skills?
They have a lot of complicated phases or parts. E.g a somersault - you cannot break down these phases down and practice them separately as they are closely linked
What is fixed practice?
Where the skill is practiced over and over again until it is perfected. E.g a penalty in football. Closed skill
What is variable practice?
Involves practicing the skill in a variety of different situations so it can be adapted to suit different competitive situations. E.g football where the game varies from match to match-open skills
What is massed practice?
Where the skill is practiced until it is learned without taking a break -for athletes who are fit and experienced
What is distributed practice?
Where the skill is practiced over several sessions or with rest breaks - lower ability, experience or fitness level
How does goal setting help?
Help you focus on what is important
Increasing motivation to make progress
Helping you to develop new strategies to meet that goal
Enabling you to monitor how well you are doinh
What is visual guidance?
The most common way is getting another performer to perform a demonstration of the skill or videos and photos.
What is verbal guidance?
Helpful as long it is clear
Where does intrinsic feedback come from?
Come from within you, as they think about how they performed or what they contributed to the game
Where does extrinsic feedback come from?
Comes from an outside source e.g from a coach
Where does concurrent feedback come from?
Given at the time of the performance e.g from a coach on the sideline during the match
Where does terminal feedback come from?
Given at the end of the game or performance. This sort of feedback has the benefit of being more reflective and giving an overview of the whole of the performance.
How can a warm up psychologically prepare an athlete?
Helps a positive mind set