SR 2 - Surgical Syndromes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SR 2 - Surgical Syndromes Deck (15):
1

What is afferent loop syndrome?

Obstruction of the afferent loop of a Billroth II gastrojejunostomy

2

What is blind loop syndrome?

Bacterial overgrowth of intestine caused by stasis

3

What is compartment syndrome?

Compartmntal hypertension caused by edema
Results in msucle necrosis
Nerves are lost first

4

What is dumping syndrome?

Delivery of lar amounts of hyperosmolar chyme into the small bowel
After vagotomy, gastric drainage procedure
Results in autonomic instability, abdominal pain, diarrhea

5

What is Gardner's syndrome?

GI polyps and associated findings - sebaceous cysts, osteomas, desomid tumors (SOD)
Polyps have high malignant potential

6

What is Leriche's syndrome?

Claudication of buttock and thights
Impotence
Atrophy of legs

Seen with iliac occlusive disease

7

What is Mendelson's syndrome?

Chemical pneumonitis after aspiration of gastric contents

8

What is Mirizzi's syndrome?

Extrinsic obstruction of teh common hepatic bile duct from a gallstone in the gallbladder or cystic duct

9

What is Ogilvie's syndrome?

Massive nonobstructive colonic dilation

10

What is Peutz-Jeghers syndrome?

Benign GI polyps and buccal pigmentation

11

What is Plummer-Vinson syndrome?

Esophageal web
Iron-deficiency anemia
Dysphagia
Spoon-shaped nails
Atrophic oral and tongue mucosa
Elderly women, at risk for squamous cell cancer

12

What is refeeding syndrome

Starved patient, fed
Hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypophophatemia

13

What is Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome?

Gi tract telangiectasis, A-V malforations

14

What is short-gut syndrome?

Malnutrition resulting from

15

What is Tietze's syndrome

Costrocondritis of rib cartilage
Aseptic
Treat with NSAIDs