Flashcards in Stages of Family Deck (17):
Family Systems Theory
In order to understand an individual, you must understand their context (existence within a family). Relationship amongst parts of a system impact the individual parts. Family systems seek homeostasis; emotional distress is seen as a relational problem rather than an intrapsychic problem with ONE individual.
Subsystems within a family
Individual subsystems, marital/partner subsystem, sibling subsystem, parental subsystem
Larger systems that may encompass the family
Neighborhood, religious community, community/city, nation (USA! USA!)
Person in family system exhibiting symptoms, but symptoms result from system as a whole
Family tree; stories + relationships useful
Positive feedback loop
No inhibition. One behavior increases the other behavior, which in turn increases the first behavior. EX. Man yells at wife --> Wife yelling at husband --> Husband yelling at wife -->. Repeat ad nauseum
Negative feedback loop
Product inhibition. Increase in behavior in one place causes a parallel decrease somewhere else
Mismatch between physical/nonverbal communication and verbal communication
Open, honest, and consistent
Tight boundaries within the family. No contact among family members. Insufficient support/structure.
Loose boundaries within family. Too much contact among family members; inappropriate sharing/relationships. May have lack of differentiated roles in family.
Differentiation of self
To function healthy, an individual needs to see themselves as a different human being than their family. Need to think critically about emotional issues within the family rather than acting out on them (drama) and without blaming others
Opposite of differentiation. Individual does NOT see himself outside the family role. Rational thinking overwhelmed by emotion. 2+ ppl lack boundaries. Increased during stress.
Bowen's family systems concept
Dyads are inherent unstable because conflict can occur. Triangles occur via triangulation, a normal and common phenomenom. Higher stress, more people brought in. Temporarily stabilizes relationship, but overall makes stabilization difficult because third party individuals needed for continued stability.
Spirituality/Religion and health
Intrinsic (not extrinsic) religiosity linked with positive health outcomes. Source of community, material support. HOWEVER, may involve prescriptions against specific types of healthcare.
Greatest stress in families occurs?
Transition points: marriage, birth/adoption, death, deployment/return, incarceration, child leaving home, loss of employment. Heightened Stress --> Symptoms, stress during an earlier transition point may re-appear as symptomalogy during a later transition point.