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Flashcards in Stress Personality Deck (41)
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1

IS A LIFE-LONG PROCESS”

LEARNING

2

a person’s unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persist (consistency) over time and across situations.


Personality (def.)

3

•characteristics by which each person can be distinguished from other people

Personality

4

Personality and Stress . Individuals differ dramatically in their response to a *. Some people are born with a temperament that predisposes them to higher or lower levels of **.

*problem or a stressor.
**tolerance to stress

5

Your * to a situation plays a role in determining how stressful a situation is to you.

cognitive reaction

6

Methods of Assessing Personality

1. Erroneous Method
2. Pseudo-scientific Method
3. Scientific Method

7

maybe based on physical appearance, facial features or expression, mannerism, style of dressing etc.

First Impression

8

Erroneous Method

First Impression

9

3 Pseudo-scientific Method

*Physiognomy
**Phrenology
***Graphology

10

- a person's facial features or expression, especially when regarded as indicative of character or ethnic origin.

Physiognomy

11

- is the study of the structure of the skull to determine a person's character and mental capacity.

Phrenology

12

- the study of handwriting, for example, as used to infer a person's character.

Graphology

13

SCIENTIFIC METHOD

-Objective test
-Behavioral method
Interview
Life History method
-Projective Techniques

14

•–traits
•–characteristics
•–behaviors
•–expressions
•–moods
•–feelings as perceived by others

Personality is thought to comprise several:

15

The complexity of one’s personality is thought to be shaped by:

•–genetic factors
•–family dynamics
•–social influences
•–personal experiences

16

Not all stress is caused by external pressures and demands. Your stress can also be *.

self-generated

17

•Uncertainty or worries
•Pessimistic attitude
•Self-criticism
•Unrealistic expectations or beliefs
•Perfectionism
•Low self-esteem
•Excessive or unexpressed anger
•Lack of assertiveness

Internal Causes of Stress

18

Studies have shown that people who display certain * are more likely to suffer from stress and so are prone to all the ill effects associated with stress, physical and emotional illnesses etc.

*characteristics and behaviour

19

Stress-prone personalities

These personalities do not cope with stress well:
•Type A personality
•Codependent personality
•Helpless-hopeless personality

20

••Time urgency
••Polyphasia (multitasking)
••Ultra-competitiveness
••Rapid speech patterns
••Manipulative control
••Hyper-aggressiveness and free-floating hostility

Type A behavior

21

Multitasking

Polyphasia

22

•Ardent approval seekers
•Perfectionists
•Super-overachievers
•Crisis managers
•Devoted loyalists
•Self-sacrificing martyrs
•Manipulators
•Victims
•Feelings of inadequacy
•Reactionaries

Codependent personality

23

•Poor self-motivation
•Cognitive distortion where perception of failure repeatedly eclipses prospects of success
•Emotional dysfunction
•External locus of control of reinforcing behavior

Helpless-Hopeless personality

24

Stress resistant personality

These personalities cope with stress well:
1.Hardy Personality

2.Survivor Personality

3. Type R Personality (Sensation Seekers)

25

Sensation Seekers

Type R personality

26

In hardy personality, Based on the work of Maddi and Kobasa
•Three characteristics noted in those who cope well with stress:

–Commitment (invests oneself in the solution)
•–Control (takes control of a situation, doesn’t run from it)
•–Challenge (sees opportunity rather than the problems)

27

A person who responds rather than reacts to danger/stress

Survivor Personality Traits

28

•Bi-phase traits (left and right brain skills)

Survival Personality Traits

29

Proud but humble
–Selfish but altruistic
–Rebellious but cooperative
–Spiritual but irreverent
-Considered optimists and good at creative problem solving

Survival Personality Traits
Bi-phase trait

30

identified the sensation-seeking personality as those people who seek thrills and sensations but take calculated risks in their endeavors; they appear to be dominated by an adventurous spirit.

Zuckerman (1971)