Flashcards in Stress Personality Deck (41)
IS A LIFE-LONG PROCESS”
a person’s unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persist (consistency) over time and across situations.
•characteristics by which each person can be distinguished from other people
Personality and Stress . Individuals differ dramatically in their response to a *. Some people are born with a temperament that predisposes them to higher or lower levels of **.
*problem or a stressor.
**tolerance to stress
Your * to a situation plays a role in determining how stressful a situation is to you.
Methods of Assessing Personality
1. Erroneous Method
2. Pseudo-scientific Method
3. Scientific Method
maybe based on physical appearance, facial features or expression, mannerism, style of dressing etc.
3 Pseudo-scientific Method
- a person's facial features or expression, especially when regarded as indicative of character or ethnic origin.
- is the study of the structure of the skull to determine a person's character and mental capacity.
- the study of handwriting, for example, as used to infer a person's character.
Life History method
•–feelings as perceived by others
Personality is thought to comprise several:
The complexity of one’s personality is thought to be shaped by:
Not all stress is caused by external pressures and demands. Your stress can also be *.
•Uncertainty or worries
•Unrealistic expectations or beliefs
•Excessive or unexpressed anger
•Lack of assertiveness
Internal Causes of Stress
Studies have shown that people who display certain * are more likely to suffer from stress and so are prone to all the ill effects associated with stress, physical and emotional illnesses etc.
*characteristics and behaviour
These personalities do not cope with stress well:
•Type A personality
••Rapid speech patterns
••Hyper-aggressiveness and free-floating hostility
Type A behavior
•Ardent approval seekers
•Feelings of inadequacy
•Cognitive distortion where perception of failure repeatedly eclipses prospects of success
•External locus of control of reinforcing behavior
Stress resistant personality
These personalities cope with stress well:
3. Type R Personality (Sensation Seekers)
Type R personality
In hardy personality, Based on the work of Maddi and Kobasa
•Three characteristics noted in those who cope well with stress:
–Commitment (invests oneself in the solution)
•–Control (takes control of a situation, doesn’t run from it)
•–Challenge (sees opportunity rather than the problems)
A person who responds rather than reacts to danger/stress
Survivor Personality Traits
•Bi-phase traits (left and right brain skills)
Survival Personality Traits
Proud but humble
–Selfish but altruistic
–Rebellious but cooperative
–Spiritual but irreverent
-Considered optimists and good at creative problem solving
Survival Personality Traits