Flashcards in Protocol In CSI Deck (39)
A venue or place where the alleged crime/incident/event has been committed.
The collection of facts in order to accomplish the three-fold aims
Three-fold aim of Criminal investigation
*to identify the guilty party;
*to locate the guilty party; and
*to provide the evidence of his (suspect) guilt.
A public safety officer who is tasked to conduct the investigation of all criminal cases as provided for and embodied under the Revised Penal Code/Criminal Laws and Special Laws which are criminal in nature.
A well-trained, disciplined and experienced professional in the field of criminal investigation duties and responsibilities.
Purpose of an investigation
To Establish the Factual/ Provable History of a Person or Persons
Purpose of a prosecution
To Prove the Defendant Committed the Crime With Which He/She is Charged
Skills of the investigator
Knowledge of the Law
Four (4) Reasons Why Crime Should Be Investigated
•Future Deterrence of Offenders
●Deterrence of others
●Protection of the innocent
Investigative Links in Follow-Up Investigations:
·Method of Operations (M.O.).
·How they organized/developed
·Methods of Operation
·Areas of Operation
·Tactics Basic Activities
·Members Summary of Info
outline of all components of a case
·formal summary or analysis of information, evidence and data representing distinctive features or characteristics
·a well-done profile will point to distinct investigative leads
an unvarying or habitual method of procedure
·for a terrorist group it is specific method of operating or functioning
·for the individual criminal or terrorist, it is the particular way he/she works which leaves a distinguishing sign
·cases are linked through identification of the M.O
Methods of Operation (M.O.)
another way of linking cases and developing leads
·more important in the prevention of crime or individual acts
Classification of Investigation
● Preliminary Investigation
● Follow-up Investigation
● Special subject Investigation
begins when the first call comes in.
●Proceed to the crime scene to validate info
●Find out as much as possible about the crime before going to the scene and upon arrival.
●Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent data regarding the incident then notify the TOC
Overview. Get your bearings at the crime scene to get a rough picture of the area and what happened.
➢Start keeping an action log
➢Decide whether a crime has been committed.
➢Check whether the situation still possess imminent danger and call for back-up, if necessary
Beginning of Initial Response
shall refer to the post-incident police operational procedures undertaken at the crime scene.
●It presupposes that the crime has been consummated and therefore investigation is to be commenced with the securing and processing of the place of occurrence.
Crime Scene Investigation (CSI)
●Security Force/Guards Personnel
They generally refer to police officers who have jurisdiction of the area where the incident or crime has taken place and will proceed to the crime scene to render assistance to the victim and to protect and secure the incident scene.
The first Officers to arrive at the crime scene are the FRs who were dispatched by the local unit concerned after receipt of incident/flash/alarm report;
Immediately, the FR shall conduct a preliminary evaluation of the crime scene.
This evaluation should include the scope of the incident, emergency services required, scene safety concerns, administration of life saving measures, and establishment of security and control of the scene;
The FR shall take the dying declaration of severely injured person, if any.
The FR shall make the initial assessment on whether a crime actually been committed and shall preliminary interview of witnesses to determine what and how crime was committed;
The FR, upon the arrival of the IOC, shall turn-over the crime scene to the duty investigator/IOC after the former has briefed the investigator of the situation.
●Safely remove all victims from the blast scene as soon as possible and to provide emergency medical treatment.
●The immediate rescue phase should be controlled, monitored, and documented by investigators.
●Identify potential evidentiary items and provide as much protection as possible.
Insure an open route for emergency vehicles to transport injured victims to hospitals.
Establish a medical triage close to the blast seat
Assign personnel at treatment locations to identify victims receiving treatment and to collect potential evidence from shrapnel or component fragmentation of the device
Notify medical personnel and staff of the potential recovery of evidence from injured victims
Document the medical response through photographs and identification of personnel responding
Medical Attention Needs
●An initial walk-through should be conducted by the team leader for the following purposes:
●To determine safety hazards
●To establish administrative and emotional control
●To delineate the extent of the search area
●To organize the methods and procedures needed
●To determine manpower and equipment needs
●To develop a general theory of the crim
Assess what safety hazards are present and implement plans for dealing with hazards
Determine Immediate safety requirement
➢ Conduct preliminary evaluation of the crime scene.
➢ Exercise scene safety.
➢ Administer life saving effort.
➢ Establish security and control.
➢ Define the investigator’s role
➢ Ensure crime scene integrity.
➢ Secure necessary resources.
Roles of First Responder
●Hazardous Materials Unit
Heavy Equipment Companies
Others – As Scene Requires
Upon arrival at the crime scene, the IOC shall request for a briefing from the FR & make a quick assessment of the crime;
Investigator-on-case (IOC)/Duty Officer at the crime scene
Document and protect potential evidentiary items,
●Insure that the chain of custody is initiated for evidence
●Assess legal considerations for scene access
●Assess potential resource needs
At this stage, the IOC shall assume full responsibility over the crime scene & shall conduct a thorough assessment of the scene & inquiry into incident.
●If necessary the IOC may conduct crime scene search outside the area where the incident happened employing any of the various search methods;
Based on the assessment, if the IOC determines that a SOCO team is required, he shall report the matter to his COP and request for a SOCO, otherwise, the IOC shall proceed with the CSI without the SOCO team and shall utilize CSI Form “4” – SOCO Report Forms in the conduct of the CSI;
The IOC may by himself or with the assistance of a local PNP forensic personnel conduct the CSI if there is no available SOCO team in the area.
●The IOC must, however, ensure that the correct procedures in the collection of evidence is observed to ensure the admissibility of the evidence;
●The Police Station Operation Center, upon directive of the COP, shall make the request for the SOCO team through the Provincial/City Operations Center;
●It shall be the responsibility of the Provincial/City Operations Center to facilitate the request for the SOCO Team
●Upon the arrival of the SOCO Team, the IOC shall accomplish the CSI Form “2” - Request for the Conduct of SOCO and submit the same to the SOCO Team Leader.
●The SOCO team shall not enter the crime scene unless the IOC makes the official written request wherein he assures the SOCO team of his presence and support;
The IOC shall brief the SOCO Team upon their arrival at the crime scene and shall jointly conduct the preliminary crime scene survey
At the crime scene