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Flashcards in Protocol In CSI Deck (39)
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A venue or place where the alleged crime/incident/event has been committed.

Crime Scene


The collection of facts in order to accomplish the three-fold aims

Criminal Investigation


Three-fold aim of Criminal investigation

*to identify the guilty party;
*to locate the guilty party; and
*to provide the evidence of his (suspect) guilt.


A public safety officer who is tasked to conduct the investigation of all criminal cases as provided for and embodied under the Revised Penal Code/Criminal Laws and Special Laws which are criminal in nature.

Criminal Investigator


A well-trained, disciplined and experienced professional in the field of criminal investigation duties and responsibilities.

Criminal Investigator


Purpose of an investigation

To Establish the Factual/ Provable History of a Person or Persons


Purpose of a prosecution

To Prove the Defendant Committed the Crime With Which He/She is Charged


Skills of the investigator

Knowledge of the Law
•Case Law
•Jury Instructions


Four (4) Reasons Why Crime Should Be Investigated

•Future Deterrence of Offenders
●Deterrence of others
●Community Safety
●Protection of the innocent


Investigative Links in Follow-Up Investigations:

·Method of Operations (M.O.).
·Intelligence Process


What group
·How they organized/developed
·Methods of Operation
·Areas of Operation
·Tactics Basic Activities
·Leader Supporters
·Members Summary of Info

Criminal Profile


outline of all components of a case
·formal summary or analysis of information, evidence and data representing distinctive features or characteristics
·a well-done profile will point to distinct investigative leads



an unvarying or habitual method of procedure
·for a terrorist group it is specific method of operating or functioning
·for the individual criminal or terrorist, it is the particular way he/she works which leaves a distinguishing sign
·cases are linked through identification of the M.O

Methods of Operation (M.O.)


another way of linking cases and developing leads
·more important in the prevention of crime or individual acts

Intelligence Process


Classification of Investigation

● Preliminary Investigation
● Follow-up Investigation
● Special subject Investigation


begins when the first call comes in.

Preliminary Investigation


●Proceed to the crime scene to validate info
●Find out as much as possible about the crime before going to the scene and upon arrival.
●Record the exact time of arrival and all pertinent data regarding the incident then notify the TOC

Overview. Get your bearings at the crime scene to get a rough picture of the area and what happened.
➢Start keeping an action log
➢Decide whether a crime has been committed.
➢Check whether the situation still possess imminent danger and call for back-up, if necessary

Beginning of Initial Response


shall refer to the post-incident police operational procedures undertaken at the crime scene.
●It presupposes that the crime has been consummated and therefore investigation is to be commenced with the securing and processing of the place of occurrence.

Crime Scene Investigation (CSI)


First Responders

●Barangay Tanod
●Security Force/Guards Personnel
●Concerned Citizen/s


They generally refer to police officers who have jurisdiction of the area where the incident or crime has taken place and will proceed to the crime scene to render assistance to the victim and to protect and secure the incident scene.

First Reaponder


The first Officers to arrive at the crime scene are the FRs who were dispatched by the local unit concerned after receipt of incident/flash/alarm report;

Immediately, the FR shall conduct a preliminary evaluation of the crime scene.
This evaluation should include the scope of the incident, emergency services required, scene safety concerns, administration of life saving measures, and establishment of security and control of the scene;

The FR shall take the dying declaration of severely injured person, if any.

The FR shall make the initial assessment on whether a crime actually been committed and shall preliminary interview of witnesses to determine what and how crime was committed;

The FR, upon the arrival of the IOC, shall turn-over the crime scene to the duty investigator/IOC after the former has briefed the investigator of the situation.

First Reaponder


●Safely remove all victims from the blast scene as soon as possible and to provide emergency medical treatment.
●The immediate rescue phase should be controlled, monitored, and documented by investigators.
●Identify potential evidentiary items and provide as much protection as possible.

Rescue Operations


Insure an open route for emergency vehicles to transport injured victims to hospitals.

Establish a medical triage close to the blast seat

Assign personnel at treatment locations to identify victims receiving treatment and to collect potential evidence from shrapnel or component fragmentation of the device

Notify medical personnel and staff of the potential recovery of evidence from injured victims

Document the medical response through photographs and identification of personnel responding

Medical Attention Needs


●An initial walk-through should be conducted by the team leader for the following purposes:
●To determine safety hazards
●To establish administrative and emotional control
●To delineate the extent of the search area

●To organize the methods and procedures needed
●To determine manpower and equipment needs
●To develop a general theory of the crim

Preliminary Survey


Assess what safety hazards are present and implement plans for dealing with hazards

Determine Immediate safety requirement


➢ Conduct preliminary evaluation of the crime scene.
➢ Exercise scene safety.
➢ Administer life saving effort.
➢ Establish security and control.
➢ Define the investigator’s role
➢ Ensure crime scene integrity.
➢ Secure necessary resources.

Roles of First Responder


●Fire Department
●Medical Personnel
●Hazardous Materials Unit
●Structural Engineers

Military Support
Forensics Experts
Heavy Equipment Companies
Others – As Scene Requires

Support Agencies


Upon arrival at the crime scene, the IOC shall request for a briefing from the FR & make a quick assessment of the crime;

Investigator-on-case (IOC)/Duty Officer at the crime scene


Document and protect potential evidentiary items,
●Insure that the chain of custody is initiated for evidence
●Assess legal considerations for scene access
●Assess potential resource needs

At this stage, the IOC shall assume full responsibility over the crime scene & shall conduct a thorough assessment of the scene & inquiry into incident.
●If necessary the IOC may conduct crime scene search outside the area where the incident happened employing any of the various search methods;

Based on the assessment, if the IOC determines that a SOCO team is required, he shall report the matter to his COP and request for a SOCO, otherwise, the IOC shall proceed with the CSI without the SOCO team and shall utilize CSI Form “4” – SOCO Report Forms in the conduct of the CSI;

The IOC may by himself or with the assistance of a local PNP forensic personnel conduct the CSI if there is no available SOCO team in the area.

●The IOC must, however, ensure that the correct procedures in the collection of evidence is observed to ensure the admissibility of the evidence;

●The Police Station Operation Center, upon directive of the COP, shall make the request for the SOCO team through the Provincial/City Operations Center;

●It shall be the responsibility of the Provincial/City Operations Center to facilitate the request for the SOCO Team

●Upon the arrival of the SOCO Team, the IOC shall accomplish the CSI Form “2” - Request for the Conduct of SOCO and submit the same to the SOCO Team Leader.
●The SOCO team shall not enter the crime scene unless the IOC makes the official written request wherein he assures the SOCO team of his presence and support;

The IOC shall brief the SOCO Team upon their arrival at the crime scene and shall jointly conduct the preliminary crime scene survey

At the crime scene


●Upon receipt of the Request for Conduct of SOCO, the SOCO Team shall then conduct the scene of the crime operations which include among others the narrative description of the crime scene, photography, videography, crime scene search, crime scene sketch, crime scene location sketch, physical evidence recording and collection, and other procedures necessary;

The SOCO Team shall not join any operations conducted by the local police or accompany the FRs or the IOC in going to the crime scene. They will only respond upon request through the Operations Center and after the IOC has already made proper assessment of the crime scene;

Complete any further explosive residue sampling at the scene;
●Collect control samples/swabs from the environment. (Scene Processing)

●In case the SOCO Team needs to temporarily suspend the processing, the Chief of Police shall be primarily responsible and accountable for securing the crime scene and ensuring its integrity until the re-entry

●In case the SOCO Team needs to temporarily suspend the processing, the Chief of Police shall be primarily responsible and accountable for securing the crime scene and ensuring its integrity until the re-entry of SOCO Team and the conclusion of the CSI;
●After the termination of the SOCO, the SOCO Team Leader shall brief the IOC on the initial results and thereafter conduct the final crime scene survey together with the IOC.
● The SOCO Team shall accomplish the CSI Form “4” - SOCO Report Forms and furnish the IOC of copies of the same before leaving the crime scene;.