Flashcards in Structures/Functions Deck (62):
Anatomical boundary between frontal/parietal lobes
Anatomical boundary between temporal, frontal, and parietal lobes
Link between sensory/motor systems. Facilitates coordination of the eye and limb movement while reaching.
Anatomical boundary between the superior and inferior quadrants of the visual field.
Anatomical boundary between the parietal/occipital lobes.
Anatomical boundary between the frontal/parietal lobes and the cingulate gyrus.
M1; Primary motor cortex. Voluntary movement of muscles of the UE, Trunk, and Head.
Superior Frontal Gyrus
Middle Frontal Gyrus
Higher cognitive functions, decision making processes.
Inferior Frontal Gyrus
Contains Broca's Motor speech area.
Superior Temporal Gyrus
Middle Temporal Gyrus
Detection of moving objects
Inferior Temporal Gyrus
Left: Identifying that some object looks like a face.
Right: Facial recognition.
Visual word recognition.
Superior Parietal Lobule
Integration of sensory info for a complete self image of the body, which mediates behaviors with the world around us.
Inferior Parietal Lobule
Integrates sensory info for perception and language, mathematical reasoning, and visuo-spatial cognition.
Language comprehension, visual/auditory processing.
Memory, consciousness, thoughts about oneself, spatial processing.
Voluntary motor movement and sensory info for the lower body.
Memory/learning. Links hippocampus with mammillary bodies/hypothalamus
S1: Conscious perception of somesthetic sensation for head, upper body, and trunk.
Pain, Temperature, Vibratory sense, Discriminatory touch.
Links L/R olfactory tracts
Processing auditory info
Processing of visual info
Audition, cerebellar motor learning.
Fiber tract carrying motor information to the spinal cord from M1
Medial Longitudinal Fissure
Separates L/R cerebral hemispheres.
Relay center; sensory, motor, cognitive, affective.
Reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotion, and problem solving.
Movement, orientation, recognition, perception of sensory stimuli.
Perception/recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech.
Integration of autonomic function, learning/memory, olfaction.
Extra-occular eye movements
Sensory/motor for the face.
Regulate eye/limb movement, maintain posture/balance, role in language, cognition, and emotion.
Connect UE, LE, and trunk with the brain.
Regulation of circadian rhythm
Transmission of visual information from eye to thalamus.
transmission of visual info, partial decussation of visual field.
Hypothalamic nuclei involved in learning/memory.
Emotion and taste.
Transmission of odor info.
Transmission of odor info.
Numbered regions of the brain based on the cytoarchitectural organization of neurons.
Concious perception of somesthetic sensation.
Voluntary movement of muscles in the head/body.
Brodmann's 6 (Larger)
Premotor cortex, aid/integrates voluntary limb movement. Muscle planning.
Brodmann's 6 (smaller)
Supplemental motor cortex. Planning complex limb movements.
Frontal Eye Field. Controls voluntary horizontal gaze to the contralateral side.
Left: Broca's motor speech.
Wernicke's area, receptive integration of speech.
Primary visual cortex.
Primary auditory cortex.