Structures/Functions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Structures/Functions Deck (62):
1

Central Sulcus

Anatomical boundary between frontal/parietal lobes

2

Lateral Sulcus

Sylvian Sulcus.
Anatomical boundary between temporal, frontal, and parietal lobes

3

Intraparietal Sulcus

Link between sensory/motor systems. Facilitates coordination of the eye and limb movement while reaching.

4

Calcarine Sulcus

Anatomical boundary between the superior and inferior quadrants of the visual field.

5

Parieto-occipital Sulcus

Anatomical boundary between the parietal/occipital lobes.

6

Cingulate Sulcus

Anatomical boundary between the frontal/parietal lobes and the cingulate gyrus.

7

Precentral Gyrus

M1; Primary motor cortex. Voluntary movement of muscles of the UE, Trunk, and Head.

8

Superior Frontal Gyrus

Working Memory

9

Middle Frontal Gyrus

Higher cognitive functions, decision making processes.

10

Inferior Frontal Gyrus

Contains Broca's Motor speech area.
Left: Broca's
Right: Tone

11

Superior Temporal Gyrus

Auditory perception

12

Middle Temporal Gyrus

Detection of moving objects

13

Inferior Temporal Gyrus

Facial recognition

14

Fusiform Gyrus

Left: Identifying that some object looks like a face.
Right: Facial recognition.

15

Supramarginal Gyrus

Visual word recognition.

16

Superior Parietal Lobule

Integration of sensory info for a complete self image of the body, which mediates behaviors with the world around us.

17

Inferior Parietal Lobule

Integrates sensory info for perception and language, mathematical reasoning, and visuo-spatial cognition.

18

Angular Gyrus

Language comprehension, visual/auditory processing.

19

Cuneus

Visual processing.

20

Precuneus

Memory, consciousness, thoughts about oneself, spatial processing.

21

Paracentral Lobule

Voluntary motor movement and sensory info for the lower body.

22

Cingulate Gyrus

Learning/memory

23

Fornix

Memory/learning. Links hippocampus with mammillary bodies/hypothalamus

24

Post-central Gyrus

S1: Conscious perception of somesthetic sensation for head, upper body, and trunk.

25

Somesthetic Sensations

Pain, Temperature, Vibratory sense, Discriminatory touch.

26

Anterior Commissure

Links L/R olfactory tracts

27

Inferior Colliculus

Processing auditory info

28

Superior Colliculus

Processing of visual info

29

Olive

Audition, cerebellar motor learning.

30

Pyramid

Fiber tract carrying motor information to the spinal cord from M1

31

Medial Longitudinal Fissure

Separates L/R cerebral hemispheres.

32

Hippocampus

Memory/Learning

33

Thalamus

Relay center; sensory, motor, cognitive, affective.

34

Frontal Lobe

Reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotion, and problem solving.

35

Parietal Lobe

Movement, orientation, recognition, perception of sensory stimuli.

36

Temporal Lobe

Perception/recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech.

37

Occipital Lobe

Visual Processing

38

Insula

Integration of autonomic function, learning/memory, olfaction.

39

Midbrain

Extra-occular eye movements

40

Pons

Sensory/motor for the face.

41

Medulla

Cardiovascular/respiratory functions.

42

Cerebellum

Regulate eye/limb movement, maintain posture/balance, role in language, cognition, and emotion.

43

Spinal cord

Connect UE, LE, and trunk with the brain.

44

Pineal Gland

Regulation of circadian rhythm

45

Optic Nerve

Transmission of visual information from eye to thalamus.

46

Optic Chiasm

transmission of visual info, partial decussation of visual field.

47

Mammillary Bodies

Hypothalamic nuclei involved in learning/memory.

48

Uncus

Olfactory cortex.

49

Orbital Gyri

Emotion and taste.

50

Olfactory Tract

Transmission of odor info.

51

Olfactory Bulb

Transmission of odor info.

52

Brodmann's Areas

Numbered regions of the brain based on the cytoarchitectural organization of neurons.

53

Brodmann's 3,1,2

Concious perception of somesthetic sensation.

54

Brodmann's 4

Voluntary movement of muscles in the head/body.

55

Brodmann's 6 (Larger)

Premotor cortex, aid/integrates voluntary limb movement. Muscle planning.

56

Brodmann's 6 (smaller)

Supplemental motor cortex. Planning complex limb movements.

57

Brodmann's 8

Frontal Eye Field. Controls voluntary horizontal gaze to the contralateral side.

58

Brodmann's 44/45

Left: Broca's motor speech.
Right: Tone.

59

Brodmann's 22

Wernicke's area, receptive integration of speech.

60

Brodmann's 17

Primary visual cortex.

61

Brodmann's 41

Primary auditory cortex.

62

Brodmann's 37

Facial recognition.