Study of Religions: Beliefs and Teachings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Study of Religions: Beliefs and Teachings Deck (24)
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Nature of God

"I am the lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other Gods before me." Exodus 20:2-3

  • God is universal
  • God is believed is believed to work through history, guiding and inspiring people to do God's will for the good of the people.
  • All denominations don't see God as male
  • Power, strength, caring, gentle and loving
  • Holy


Denominations of Christianity

  • Catholic = led by Pope
  • Orthodox = practiced in eastern europe, not entirely christianity
  • Protestant = Name for a group of smaller branches of christianity, belief the bible is the only authority for christians



A religion that believes in only one God



"Nothing is impossible with God" Luke 1:37

Almighty, having unlimited power (quality of God)

  • nothing God cannot do or achieve 
  • Gods omnipotence can be seen as benevolent



"For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, for whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have eternal life" John 3:16


All-loving, all-good (quality of God)

  • God wants the best for humans, wanted to bestow his love on us
    • encourages christians to love, respect and care for everyone in their everday lives




Bringing out what is right and fair (according to law)

  • God is perfect giver of justice
  • perfect judge, right and wrong
  • Christians should do all they can to stop injustice, ill-treatment, prejudice and oppression


Problem of Evil

 - the issue

 - solutions

Why would a loving God allow people to suffer, rather than prevent evil actions from happening.


  • We have free will
  • Have to trust God that it will work out ok, there is a purpose
  • Moral evil = devil tempts people (links with free will)
  • Natural evil = suffering is aloud as punishment for wrong doing




"Our Father in Heaven..." Lords Prayer

There are 3 persons which are fully God but all one God, but persons are all different... helps christians gain understanding of God making the bible make more scense.

  • God the Father
    • creator of Earth and all living things
    • Omnipotent (all powerful), Omnibenevolent (all loving),  Omniscent (all knowing)
  • God the Son
    • Jesus
    • Incarnate on Earth
    • When on earth, was fully human and fully God at the same time
  • God the Holy Spirit
    • presence of God in world today 
    • When Jesus was left, this was sent to influence, guide and sustain earth
    • Unseen



  1. "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light." Genesis 1:1-3

  2. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made." John 1:1-3

Genesis 1:1-3

  • Not scientifically accurate, religious truth, Liberal
  • Created in 6 days, 7th rested, conservative
  • Holy Spirit and God mentioned

John 1:1-3

  • The word = Jesus
  • All 3 of trinity mentioned
    • All existed from the beggining, all exist along side eachother



"This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit." Matthew 1:18

"For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, for whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have eternal life" John 3:16​

"The word became flesh and made his dwelling among us" John 1:14​

 - importance


Becoming flesh, taking human form...

  • Jesus is fully God and human
  • Belief that Jesus was God in human for is more important than the details of his birth
  • Mary didn't concieve Jesus naturally, virign conception
    • gives evidence he is incarnate
  • Human for 30 years


  • help christians understand the extent of God's love for humanity
  • Shows how christians should live
  • selfless love


Son of God

"The word became flesh and made his dwelling among us" John 1:14

"Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?”, “I am,”said Jesus. “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” Mark 14:61b-62

More interested in the meaning of him becoming incarnate, and not of his conception of birth...

  • Baptised... Voice from heaven said "you are my son" Mark 1:11
  • Accused of blasphemy - by Jews
  • Being incarnate makes it easier to understand the miracles he did and his resurrection



Claiming to be god, religious offence


The Crucifixtion

"Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last." Luke 23:46

 - facts

 - impacts

  • Death by Pontious Pilate, Roman governor
  • On the cross
  • Waited for death, by asphyxiation
  • 6 hours on cross before death
  • Just because son of God, it doesn't mean that he is speared from pain and horror of world and crucifixtion
  • Fully God, Fully Human (felt same feelings as anyone else)
  • Jesus Forgave Guards


  • For his sacrifice, sin can no longer destroy our lives => God forgave those whose ask forgiveness
  • Suffering is a part of life
  • God understands what the sufferer is going through



 - Definition 

 - What happened to Jesus

It means rising from dead

  1. Body couldn't be found on easter sunday
  2. Next few weeks, Jesus appeared to many people 
    1. Mary Magdalene
    2. Disciples



"When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them. While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven" Luke 24:50-51

 - Definition 

 - What happened to Jesus


Jesus returing to God in heaven, leaving earth

  • 40 days after his resurrection, Jesus left the earth physically and returned to God in heaven


Why was the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus important?

  • If he just died then Jesus is no different to others, would be no christian faith 
  • It is proof that Jesus is the son of God. 
    • showing God has power over good and evil
    • opens heaven up for christians 
  • It overcame sin, sin is forgiven 
  • offered eternal life
  • It was predicted in the old testament, showing that he is the son of God because it came true
  • People can now have no fear of death


Different Views on Resurrection

  • Persons soul is resurrected soon after death
  • Some time in the future, Jesus will return to Earth to judge everyone (dead or alive)
  • Catholics and Othodox believe that the resurrection will be a bodily one, people will recieve their body again in a glorified state where suffering doesn't exist


Life after Death

  • trusting in God in your life after death will remain in the presence of God
  • If the resurrection is real, then life after death must be real


The Afterlife

"He ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the father, and he will come to judge the living and the dead:

I believe in...

The resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting"

The Apostles' Creed

  • God will resurect them on the Judgement day
  • Catholics believe in Purgatory (state between death and the afterlife, where your soul is sent to wait to be purified to enter heaven (like prison))



"I am the way the truth and the life. No one come to the father except through me"


  • Rich man and Lazarus
  • Sheep and the Goats

  • On the day of judgement, all souls christian or not will be judged by Jesus
  • God's love and mercy is unconditional
  • Jesus will come to judge the living and the dead
  • Humans will account for their actions (don't no how or when)
  • Some people reject the idea of the second coming of christ


Heaven and Hell

  • Christians use earthly images to explain their understanding of heaven
    • State of being rather than a physical place
    • Being with God outisde of time and place
  • Hell is described as unquenchable fire
    • eternal seperation from God
    • Choose it by turning away from God


Origins and meaning of sin

 - original Sin

 - 10 commandments

  • original sin =(everyone has a built in erge to do bad, disobey God) Genesis, Adam and Eve are tempted by the devil to eat from the tree of good and evil
    • Were punished
  • Humans are descended from Adam and Eve
  • Sin seperates man from God
  • Eternal punishment
  • Humans are full of sin, only God can solve the problem
  • Genesis is seen as more a message, not fully true... humanity has the inclination to do what they are told - damages relationship with God
  • The 10 commandments help a christian to obey God


Salvation, and role of christ in Salvation

"For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord" Romans 6:23

 - Definition

 - Salvation through law

 - Salvation through grace

 - Forgiveness 

It means saving the soul, deliverance from sin and admission to heaven brought about by Jesus.

Law... Views on what some christians believe:

  • old times for Jews, obeying the law was the way to salvation
  • Right relationship with God has to be earned 
  • earned through obediance through Gods law, 10 commandments

Grace... Views on what some christians believe:

  • quality of God which God shows to humans by providing love and support which they do not need to earn or deserve it
  • Salvation is given by god through faith in Jesus
  • Gift for the faithful

Forgiveness - showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong

  1. Jesus' death makes up for the original sin
  2. His resurrection shows us that death has been defeated, the goodness of Jesus had defeated the evil of sin
  3. Humans can recieve forgiveness for sin through Jesus, to get close to God and recieve eternal life



 - Role of Jesus through this

 - Definition

Restoring the relationship between people and God through the life, death and resurrection of Jesus.

  • The fact that Jesus rose from the dead show us that God accepted Jesus' sacrifice as atonement
  • Removes the affect of sin and allows people to restore their relationship with God
  • only possible because Jesus atoned for the sins of mankind when he died and rose again
  • God is holy so doesn't look over sin
  • Jesus took the sins upon him and suffered the penalty for mankind