Study of Religions: Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Study of Religions: Practices Deck (18)
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1

Worship

 - Definition and why worship

 - Types of worship

Acts of religious praise, honour or devotion.

  • ​Sense of connection to God, community or an individual
  • Deeper understanding in their religion or faith in God
  • Purifies the worshiper
  1. Liturgical worship - Roman Catholic church, Orthodox and CofE... worship that follows a set pattern
  2. Non-Liturgical worship - Methodist, Baptist etc... worship that follows a changeable structure, follows a pattern but elements are changed for each service. 
  3. Charismatic/informal worship - Pentecostal, Evangelical churches... Free flowing, lacks structure, speak in tongues etc
  4. Private worship - Beliver praises or follows God in their own time/on own... Prayer, meditation, studying etc

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Prayer

"Our father in heaven, hallowed be your name, your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as in heaven, give us today your daily bread and forgiveus our sins as we forgive those who sin against us, lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil, for the kingdom, power and the glory are yours now and forever. Amen." The Lords prayer

 - Types of prayer 

 - Importanced of the lords prayer

 - Deinitions

 - Significance

 

Communication with God, silently or through words of praise, thanksgiving or confession, requests for Gods help or guidance.

  1. ​Set prayers - prayers written down or have been said more than once ... lords prayer
  2. Informal prayer - prayer that is made up from an individual

Importance of the lords prayer...

  1. Praise, thanks confession and asking God for things they need
  2. Public or privately used
  3. All types of worship

3

Why is it important to worship for a Christian?

  • Bring a sense of connection and togetherness with God.
  • It is an external expression of your faith.
  • Deeper understanding of their religion

4

Sacraments

 - definition

 - examples

External and visible sign of an inward spiritual grace - experienced with the senses...

  • Baptism
    • Infant
    • Believers
  • Confirmation
  • Eucharist
  • Marriage
  • Healing
  • Ordination

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Sacraments: outward and visible signs and inward spitiual grace...

  • Baptism
  • Confirmation
  • Eucharist
  • Reconciliation
  • Healing
  • Marriage
  • Ordination

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Importance of a sacrament for those who observe them?

 - role of eucharist, healing, ordination and reconciliation

 - what christians belive it does

  • imparts gifts through the sacraments
  • offered at appropriate times in your life
  • Eucharist, the bread and wine unites Christians with the risen Christ
  • Reconciliation helps Christians realise what they have done wrong
  • Healing can be given during a long illness
  • Ordination seperates those who devote their live to God in the priesthood

 

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Why do soem Christians not belive in Sacraments?

 - Quakers and members of salkvation army reject the ...

  • no direct reference to them
  • Jesus maybe didn't intend them to become rituals
  • God speaks directly to belivers heart so there is no need of any form of ritual

8

Matthew 28:18-19

18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Link to baptism

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Baptism

 - Who started it

 - Types of Baptism

 - Support for either of the types of baptism

John the Baptist started it, baptising people to symbolise their forviveness of their sins. Jesus was baptised by him and experienced the spirit entering his life

Infant baptism...

  • Roman Catholics, Orthodox and the Church of England
  • Baptism of a baby
  • holy water (blessed) por 3 times over forehead
  • Sign of cross made on forehead in name of father son and spirit
  • Promises made my parents and Godparents to bring up the child in the faith, reject evil, repent sins and turn to christ.
  • All a symbol - candle recieving light of christ

Believers Baptism...

  • for older children and adults
  • takes place in a baptistry - pool
  • Use of water and the trinity is said when being dunked
  • Person says why they're getting baptised
  • Walking down 3 steps symbolises the end of the old life of sin
  • Leaves 3 other steps to start a new life as a christian

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Gifts of the Holy Spirit

  • Knowledge
  • Courage
  • Understanding
  • Right Judgement
  • Wisdom
  • Reverence
  • Awe and Wonder in God's presence

Corinthians 1:12

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Covenant

An agreement made between man and God

12

Elements

Bread and wine used in the Eucharist

13

Last Supper

The last evening meal Jesus shared with his disciples before he was arrested

14

Transubstantiation

The change in the bread and wine to become the body and blood of Jesus (in Catholic Church)

15

The Last Supper

1 Corinthians 11:23-25

23 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for[a] you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”

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What is the Eucharist?

Some say it is a taste of heaven, uniting the worshipper with Christ, and is food for the soul, giving strength to live every day as a christian.

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How often can communion be?

Daily, weekly opr monthly

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