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Flashcards in Sublingual Melanoma (Pod med) Deck (4)
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1

 

What are the differential diagnosis for longitudinal melanochyia?

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E

 

 

A: Melanotic macula of the nail unit

B: Nail matrix nevus 

C: Onychomycosis

D: Subungual Hematoma

E: Subungual Melanoma

2

 

What are the ABCDEF for subungual malenoma?

A: peak incidence?

B: breadth greater than?

C: 

D:

E:

F:

 

A: Age: Peak incidence: 5th to 7th decade of life, 

African-American > Native American > Asian

B: Brown-Black band with breadth greater than 3mm

Border irregular/blurred 

C: Change in nail band morpology despite tx

D: Digit involved Thumb> Hallux>index finger > multiple digits dominant hand

E: Extension of the the brown-black pigment of the nail bed, nail matrix and/or nail plate onto the adjacant cuticle or proximal and lateral nail folds

F: Family or personal history 

 

 

3

 

What are some local and regional causes of melanonychia?

1.?

2.?

3.?

4.?

 

 

 

 

1. Trauma (acute or chronic): Multiple bands

2. Poor fitting shoes

3. Radiation therapy 

4. Ultraviolet light

 

4

 

What are some of the systemic causes of melannychia?

1. ?

2. ?

3. ?

4. ?

5. ?

 

 

1. Addison Disease

2. Cushing Syndrome

3. Hyperthyroidism 

4. Acquired immunodificiency syndrome

5. Malnutrition/ Vitamin B deficincy