Flashcards in Substance Abuse Deck (7)
Percentage of neonates who will experience withdrawal after exposure to opioids
Methamphetamine is associated with an increased risk of which malformations?
Cardiac and cleft lip
LSD is associated with an increased risk of which malformations?
Limb reduction defects, central nervous system anomalies, and neural tube defects
Is maternal methadone associated with the incidence of neonatal withdrawal, or the length of treatment for withdrawal?
Is methadone compatible with breastfeeding?
Yes. Women taking methadone should be encouraged to breast-feed; some of the benefits include improved mater- nal-infant bonding and favorable effects on NAS (56–59). It is not clear whether the favorable effects of breast-feeding on NAS are related to methadone in breast milk or the act of breast-feeding itself (60). The AAP lists methadone as com- patible with breast-feeding at any dose (55).
Is buprenorphine compatible with breastfeeding?