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Mr Pullan US Politics 18-20 > Supreme Court and Civil Rights > Flashcards

Flashcards in Supreme Court and Civil Rights Deck (40)
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1

What did NFIB v Sebelius (2012) decide

Obamacare is constitutional under the tax clause.
Expanding Medicaid is unconstitutional under the commerce clause.

2

Which article and section of the Constitution gives power to the Supreme Court?

Article III, Section 1

3

Who is the current Chief Justice?

John Roberts

4

Define the term ‘originalist’

A Supreme Court justice who interprets the Constitution in line with the meaning or intent of the framers at the time of enactment

5

What 2008 case protected the right to bear arms?

DC v Heller

6

What case ruled legislative bodies could begin meeting with prayer even if it favoured one religion?

Town of Greece v Galloway

7

What 2010 case extended the right of freedom of speech to corporations ?

Citizens United v FEC

8

What did Burwell v Hobby Lobby (2014) decide

Contraceptive mandate under PPACA violated privately held, for-profit corporations’ rights to religious freedom

9

What did King v Burwell (2015) decide

Upheld Obamacare’s insurance subsidies

10

What does article 3 establish (4 points)

1. National judiciary should be Supreme
2. SC has original jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors, other public ministers, consults and states.
3. SC has appellate jurisdiction in all other states
4. Judges nominated by President and approved by Senate

11

What case confirmed the principle of judicial review?

Marbury v Madison 1803

12

Which case upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities (separate but equal)

Plessy v Ferguson 1896

13

Which Supreme Court justice was appointed in 2018?

Brett Kavanaugh

14

Which Supreme Court nominee's hearing was indefinitely put off by Mitch McConnell?

Merrick Garland

15

What case outlawed segregation in state funded education?

Brown v Board of Education 1954

16

What case allowed abortion?

Roe v Wade 1973

17

What case ruled that Obamacare was constitutional?

NFIB v Sibelius 2012

18

What case legalised gay marriage ?

Obergefell v Hodges 2015

19

Memory is the residue of what?

Thought

20

What case ruled out racial quotas in university admissions programmes in 1978?

University of California v Bakke

21

What did Chief Justice Roberts say in the 2007 case Parents Involved v Seattle School District about racism?

‘The only way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discrimination on the basis of race’

22

What recent case led to voter identification laws being reintroduced in Texas?

Shelby County v Holder (2013)

23

Activist judges could be said to be acting like...

...politicians in robes.

24

Scalia: "The constitution is not a living organism; it is...

...a legal document."

25

Justice Holmes, 1914: "The provisions of the constitution are...

...organic, living institutions."

26

Thomas Jefferson: the Constitution must not become "a mere thing of...

...wax in the hands of the judiciary, which they may twist and shape into any form they please."

27

Thomas Jefferson likened the idea of the constitution being set in stone to what?

"Requiring a man to wear still the coat which fitted him as a boy."

28

Around how many cases per year does the SC take, and who decides which ones they hear?

About 100; the SC itself.

29

Of what key SC principle did Marbury fall foul in Marbury v Madison?

It's an appellate court - it only hears appeals, which means it has to wait for issues to reach it - it can't just decide to take, say, an abortion case. Marbury failed to go to a lower court first (idiot).

30

Griswold v Connecticut 1965 inferred a constitutional right to privacy from which four amendments?

1, 3, 4, 9. This might be described as judicial activism.