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Flashcards in Supreme Court Cases Deck (26):

Court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review

Marbury v. Madison
Marshall 1803


The decision stems from the yazoo land cases, 1803, and upholds the sanctity of contracts

Fletcher v. Peck
1810 Marshall


The court ruled that states cannot text the federal government example the bank of the United States the phrase the power to tax is the power to destroy confirmed constitutionality of the bank of United States

McCulloch V Maryland
1819 Marshall


New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth college by revising its colonial charger the court ruled that the charger was protected under the contract clause of the United States Constitution upholds sanctity of contracts

Dartmouth college the Woodward
1819 Marshall


Clarified the commerce clause and affirm congressional power over interstate

Gibbons v Ogden
1824 Marshall


The conditions of the Indians in relation to the United States is perhaps unlike that of any two people in existence chief justice John Marshall wrote the relation to the United States resembles that of award to his guardian they were domestic dependent nation established a trust relationship with the tribes direct federal authority

Cherokee nation v Georgia
1831 Marshall


Establish tribal autonomy within their boundaries example tribes were distinct political communities having territorial boundaries within their authority is exclusive

Worcester v Georgia
1832 Marshall


Speaking Fayerweather Divided Court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dred Scott was noncitizen and had no standing in court Scott's residence in a free state and territory have not made in three since he returned to Missouri Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory based on the Fifth Amendment right of the person to be secure from seizure of property that's avoiding the Missouri compromise of 1820

Scott v Sanford
1857 Taney


Will that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available

EX parte Milligan


A single decision on a group of cases with similar legal problems legalize segregation with regard to private property

Civil rights cases of 1883


Legalize segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of separate but equal

Plessy V Ferguson


Confirm the right of the federal government to place tariffs on good entering the US from US territories on the grounds that the Constitution does not follow the flag

Insular cases downes v. Bidwell 1901


Reestablish the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman antitrust act

Northern securities Company v US


Declared unconstitutional and New York act limiting the working hours of Baker's due to a denial of the 14th amendment right

Lochner v. New York


First case to use the brandeis brief recognize a 10 hour workday for women laundry workers on the grounds of health and community concerns

Muller v Oregon


Unanimously upheld the espionage act of 1917 which declared that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment declared that the first amendment right to freedom of speech was not absolute free-speech could be limited if its exercise presented a clear and present danger

Schenk v. US


Celeste called the sick chicken case unanimously declared national industrial recovery act unconstitutional on three grounds that the act delegated legislative power the executive that there is a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation that it's sought to regulate businesses that were wholly interstate in character

Schechter v. US 1936


The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II

Korematsu v. US 1941


Court forbade the internment of Japanese-Americans born in the US

Ex parte endo 1944


Unanimous decision declaring separate but equal unconstitutional

Brown V Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
1954 Warren


Extends to the defendant the right of council and all state and federal criminal trials regardless of their ability to pay

Gideon V Wainwright 1963


Ruled that the defendants must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police

Escobedo v. Illinois


Court rules but those subjected to in custody interrogation be advised of their constitutional right to an attorney and Their right to remain silent

Miranda v. Arizona 1966


Course legalized abortion by ruling that State laws could not restricted during the first three months of pregnancy based on the fourth amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons

Roe V Wade 1973


Course rejected Richard Nixon's claim to absolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial processes

US V Richard Nixon 1974


Ambiguous ruling by badly devised court that dealt with affirmative action programs that use race as the basis of selecting participants. The court general affirmative upheld the action but with a 4/4/1 split. very weak decision

Bakke v. Regents of the University of California 1978