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Flashcards in WWII Deck (96):
1

Agricultural market act

June 1929
To help farmers help themselves, largely through producer cooperatives . Set up federal farm board

2

Grain stabilization cooperation
Cotton stabilization corporations

To bolster sagging prices and by buying surpluses.
But prods still dropped

3

Hawley smoot tariff

Started out to help farmers
High tariff bout 60%

4

Muscle shoals bill

Designed to dam the TN river, embraced authority of TVA
Vetoed

5

Reconstruction finance corporation

Government lending bank. Provided indirect relief by assisting insure companies, banks, agricultural organizations, railroads, state and local governments

6

Norris- La guardia Anti junction act in 1932

Outlawed yellow dog contracts and forbade federal courts to issue injunctions to retain strikes boycotts and peaceful picketing

7

Bonus expeditionary force

Converged on capital in 1932
Veterans wanted early payments of pension
Set up public camps

8

Battle of Anacostia Flats

General Douglas macarthur got bonus army out of Washington using tear gas, harsh

9

Stimson doctrine of 1932

Us would not recognize any territorial acquisitions achieved by force

10

Al smith

Against FDR for democratic nomination in 1932

11

Brain trust

Small group of reform minded intellectuals, helped FDR

12

Emergency banking relief act of 1933

Gave the president the power to regulate blinking transactions and foreign exchange and reopen solvent banks

13

Glass steagall banking reform act

Separated banks for savings from banks for gambling

14

Civil conservation corporation (CCC)

Provided outdoor employment in Government camps for young men that may have become criminals otherwise

15

Federal emergency relief act (FERA)

Immediate relief
Administration led by Harry Hopkins

16

Agricultural adjustment act

Paid farmers not to farm, bought surpluses
Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional

17

Home owners loan corporation (HOLC)

Designed to refinance mortgages on nonfarm homes

18

Civil works administration (CWA)

Branch of FERA
Provided temporary jobs during the winter,
Slow and criticized

19

Father Charles coughlin

Catholic priest that began broadcasting social justice
Anti new deal

20

Huey long

Senator Proposed idea to give everyone $5000 at cost of prosperous

21

Dr. Francis Townsend

Sid every senator over 60 should receive $200 a month as long as they spend it in the month

22

Works progress administration (WPA)

Objective was employment on useful projects, buildings, bridges, roads,
Launched by Hopkins

23

National recovery administration (NRA)

Immediate and long term relief, to assist labor, unemployed,and industry

24

Schechter decision

Supreme Court declares NRA un onstitutional

25

Public works administration (PWA)

Intended for industrial long range recovery and unemployment relief. Headed. By Harold l Ickes. Projects like highways public buildings, parkways

26

Soil conservation and domestic allotment act of 1936

Withdrawal of acreage from production achieved by paying farmers to plant soil conserving crops like soybeans or let the land lie fallow

27

Second agricultural adjustment act of 1938

Continued conservation payments

28

Frazier lemke fArm bankruptcy act of 1934

Made possible the suspension of mortgage foreclosures for 5 years
Voided by Supreme Court

29

Resettlement administration

Removed farmers about to loose their farms to better land

30

John collier

Commissioner of Indian affairs
Reserved forced assimilation, Dawes act

31

Indian reorganization act of 1934

Encouraged tribes to establish local self government and preserve native crafts and traditions

32

Securities act

Required promoters to transmit to the investor, sworn information regarding the soundness of their bonds

33

Security and exchange commission (SEC)

Watchdog administrative agency. Stock markets to opts more as trying marts than gambling

34

Public utility holding company act of 1935

Delivered death sentence to bloated growth except where economically needful

35

Tennessee valley authority (TVA)

Result of senator George w Norris
Brought full employment, cheap electric power, low cost housing, abundance of cheap nitrates, restoration of eroded soil, reforestAtion , improved navigation.

36

Federal housing administration (FHA)

Building industry was to be stimulate by small loans to householders for improving dwellings and completing new ones

37

United States housing authority (USHA)

Designed to Lend money to states or communities for low cost construction
Fell short of needs, couldn't expand because of opposition
Slum areas did shrink as a result

38

Social security act of 1935

Provided for federal state unemployment insurance, specified categories of retired workers were to receive regular payments from Washington.

39

Wagner act/ national labor relations act of 1935

Created new national labor relations board
Reassertion rights of labor to engage in self organization and bargain collectively through representatives

40

Committee for industrial organization (CIO)

Broke from AFL to form Congress of industrial organizations (CIO) led by John lew

41

Memorial Day massacre

1937 republic steel company strike, police fired on crowd

42

Fir labor standards act (Wages and Hours bill)

Industries involved in interstate commerce were to set up min wage and max hours. Outlawed child labor

43

Alfred m Landon

Republican candidate in 1936

44

American liberty league

Wealthy conservatives who organized in 1934 to fight socialistic new deal schemes

45

20th amendment

Lame duck

46

Owen j Roberts

Conservative Justice that started voting more on liberal side

47

Hugo black

New justice for new deal

48

Keynesianism

Program to stimulate economy by planned deficit spending

49

Reorganization act

Gave president limits powers for administrative reforms including key new executive office in the White House

50

Hatch act of 1939

Barred federal administrative officials except highest policy making officers from active political campaigning and soliciting
Forbade federal funds used for political purposes and collection of campaign contributions from people receiving relief payments

51

Haile salssie

Emperor of Ethiopia that called on League of Nations for help when Italy invaded but no help came

52

Anti Comintern pact

Completed a Berlin Rome Tokyo axis
Aimed at Soviet Union

53

Walter millis

Wrote America's road to war 1914-1917 in 1935

54

Veterans of future wars

Parody formed by college students, wanted $1000 before they went to war. Pacifists.

55

Gerald Nye

Headed a committee that spent Two years investigation American munitions dealers

56

First Neutrality act

Banned sale of arms to nations at war
warned American citizens not to sail on belligerent ships

57

Second neutrality act

Added a ban on Loans

58

Third neutrality act

Made these prohibitions permanent and required on two-year trial basis that all trade other than munitions be conducted on a cash and carry basis

59

William Borah

Led fight against league of Nations responded the chances for war in Europe were remote

60

John Nance Garner

Roosevelt vice Pres.

61

Nonaggression treaty

Between Russia and Hitler Nazi Soviet pact let Germany avoid two front war Russia got part of Poland

62

Revised neutrality policy

Replaced arms embargo with cash and carry regulations belligerents would be able to purchase more supplies in America but pay cash and transport them in own ships

63

American first committee

Formed by isolationists to protest the drift to war included Charles Lindbergh Robert a Taft Thomas Roberts m Hutchins

64

Committee to defend America by aiding the allies

Formed by non-isolationists also known as the white Comanche wanted unlimited assistance to England short of war headed by william Alan White

65

Wendell Wilkie

Republican candidate in election of 1940

66

Lend lease

America could lend and lease goods and weapons to countries fighting against aggressors

67

Chiang Kai shek

Nationalist leader of China

68

Greater East Asia company prosperity sphere

Controlled by Japan

69

Tripartite pact

Pact between Germany Italy and Japan a defensive treaty that confronted the US with possible to Ocean war

70

Gen. Hideki Tojo

New premier of Japan send envoys to America with new peace proposals

71

Cordell hull

Secretary of State sent Tenpoint replied to Tokyo that data demand for Japan to withdraw from China

72

Gen. Erwin Rommel

Leader of Afrika korpse pushed Britain into Egypt and threatened Suez Canal

73

Douglas Mac Arthur

American general tried to block Japan's conquest of the Philippines escape to Australia

74

Combined Chiefs of staff

US and Britain partnership headquartered in Washington directed Anglo-American military operations cooperation between Roosevelt and Churchill. Signed declaration of the United Nations

75

Charles de Gaulleros

General leading free French government in exile

76

Battle of Stalingrad

Soviet Union beat Germany. Germany could never take the offensive again

77

Chester Nimitz

American admiral from Hawaii directed at key Japanese islands in the Central Pacific

78

Battle of the coral sea

American naval forces blocked Japan near Australia

79

Battle of Midway

Turning point in the war

80

Henry J Kaiser

Constricted huge west coast shipyards to meet demand for cargo vessels and landing craft

81

War production Board

Headed by Donald Nelson allowed business rapid depreciation huge tax credits for new plants and awarded lucrative cost-plus contract permuted goods

82

Office of economic stabilization

Headed by James Byrns used political judgment to settle disputes between agencies and keep all groups happy

83

Frank Knox

Sec. of navy Racist

84

A Philip Randolph

Black leader threatened march on Washington deforce president and racial discrimination and defense industries and government employment to integrate Armed Forces

85

Belle isle

Recreation Park in Detroit where a racial fight broke out then a full-scale riot were 23 blacks and whites died. Fight finally ended by Fiorello LaGuardia Mayor of New York

86

Blue Devils

Mexican-American 88th division

87

Zoot suit riots

Riots in Los Angeles white sailors attacked Mexican-American youths

88

Harry Truman

Roosevelt vice Pres. in 1944 election because more moderate then Henry Wallace

89

Political action committee

Headed by Sidney Hillman door-to-door drives to register millions of workers and families

90

Thomas E Dewey

Republican candidate in 1944

91

D day

June 6 during the night three divisions parachuted down behind German defenses at Don British and American troops thought their way sure at five points along 60 mile beach fighting Germans

92

Battle of the Bulge

Germany burst through weak point in Adrian forest delayed Eisenhowers advance to Germany but we can German resistance in West

93

Teheran,Iran

Conference with Chris about Churchhill and Stalin Stalin reaffirmed his commitment and indicated that Russia would enter war against Japan once Germany was defeated

94

Yalta

Stalin refused to give up communistic domination of Poland and Balfanz but agreed to Roosevelts request for declaration of liberated Europe Stalin promised to enter Pacific war three months after Germany surrendered Roosevelt offered extensive concessions in Asia

95

Potsdam conference

Churchill and Truman issued call for unconditional surrender warning Japan faced utter destruction

96

Manhattan Project

The US had been developing the atomic bomb based on vision of radioactive uranium and plutonium. Truman dropped it following advice of Secretary of War Henry else Stimson on Hiroshima and then Nagasakino