Surgical Syndromes Chapter2 P32-35 Flashcards Preview

Section I, Surgical Recall Sixth Edition > Surgical Syndromes Chapter2 P32-35 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surgical Syndromes Chapter2 P32-35 Deck (33):
1

What is afferent loop syndrome?
P32

Obstruction of the afferent loop of a Billroth II gastrojejunostomy

2

What does ARDS stand for?
P32

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (poor oxygenation caused by leaky capillaries)

3

What is blind loop syndrome?
P33

Bacterial overgrowth of intestine caused by stasis

4

What is Boerhaave’s syndrome?
P33

Esophageal perforation

5

What is Budd-Chiari syndrome?
P33

Thrombosis of hepatic veins

6

What is carcinoid syndrome?
P33

Syndrome of “B FDR”:
- Bronchospasm
- Flushing
- Diarrhea
- Right-sided heart failure (caused by factors released by carcinoid tumor)

7

What is compartment syndrome?
P33

Compartmental hypertension caused by edema, resulting in muscle necrosis of the lower extremity, often seen in the
calf; patient may have a distal pulse

8

What is Cushing’s syndrome?
P33

Excessive cortisol production

9

What is dumping syndrome?
P33

Delivery of a large amount of hyperosmolar chyme into the small bowel, usually after vagotomy and a gastric drainage procedure (pyloroplasty/ gastrojejunostomy);
results in autonomic instability, abdominal pain, and diarrhea

10

What is Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome?
P33

Perihepatic gonorrhea infection

11

What is Gardner’s syndrome?
P33

GI polyps and associated findings ofSebaceous cysts, Osteomas, and Desmoid tumors (SOD); polyps have high malignancy potential (Think: A Gardner
plants SOD)

12

What is HITT syndrome?
P33

Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenic Thrombosis syndrome: Heparin-induced platelet antibodies cause platelets to
thrombose vessels, often resulting in loss of limb or life

13

What is Leriche’s syndrome?
P34

Claudication of buttocks and thighs, Impotence, Atrophy of legs (seen with iliac occlusive disease) (Think: CIA)

14

What is Mallory-Weiss syndrome?
P34

Post-emesis/-retching tears in the gastric mucosa
(near gastroesophageal junction)

15

What is Mendelson’s syndrome?
P34

Chemical pneumonitis after aspiration of gastric contents

16

What is Mirizzi’s syndrome?
P34

Extrinsic obstruction of the common hepatic bile duct from a gallstone in the gallbladder or cystic duct

17

What is Munchausen syndrome?
P34

Self-induced illness

18

What is Ogilvie’s syndrome?
P34

Massive nonobstructive colonic dilatation

19

What is Peutz-Jeghers syndrome?
P34

Benign GI polyps and buccal pigmentation
(Think: Peutz = Pigmentation)

20

What is Plummer-Vinson syndrome?
P34

Syndrome of:
1. Esophageal web
2. Iron-deficiency anemia
3. Dysphagia
4. Spoon-shaped nails
5. Atrophic oral and tongue mucosa
Typically occurs in elderly women; 10% develop squamous cell carcinoma

21

What is RED reaction syndrome?
P34

Syndrome of rapid vancomycin infusion, resulting in skin erythema

22

What is refeeding syndrome?
P34

Hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypophosphatemia after refeeding a starved patient

23

What is Rendu-Osler-Weber (ROW) syndrome?
P34

Syndrome of GI tract telangiectasia/A-V malformations

24

What is short-gut syndrome?
P34

Malnutrition resulting from <200 cm of viable small bowel

25

What is SIADH?
P35

Syndrome of Inappropriate AntiDiuretic Hormone
(Think: Inappropriately Increased ADH)

26

What is another name for Sipple’s syndrome?
P35

MEN II

27

What is superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome?
P35

Obstruction of the SVC (e.g., by tumor, thrombosis)

28

What is thoracic outlet syndrome?
P35

Compression of the structures exiting from the thoracic outlet

29

What is Tietze’s syndrome?
P35

Costochondritis of rib cartilage;
aseptic (treat with NSAIDs)

30

What is toxic shock syndrome?
P35

Staphylococcus aureus toxin-induced syndrome marked by fever, hypotension, organ failure, and rash (desquamation—
especially palms and soles)

31

What is Trousseau’s syndrome?
P35

Syndrome of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) associated with carcinoma

32

What is another name for Wermer’s syndrome?
P35

MEN I

33

What is Zollinger-Ellison syndrome?
P35

Gastrinoma and PUD