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Obstetrics midterm, spring 2020 > Swine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Swine Deck (36)
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1

Length of oestrus?

20 - 21,5 days

2

How many ml sperm does the male/boar have?

200 ml (concentration = 300.000/ml)

3

How long can we store the sperm?

3-7 days

4

What is the back pressure test?

Control of standing reflex - ovulation during the last day of oestrus

5

In which form does the ovum get in to the uterus?

4 cells

6

Nr.6 is what is false,

answer is D

7

How long is the pregnancy?

114-115 days (3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days)

8

How old is the sow when it gets sexually mature?

5-7 months = puberty (160-170 days)

9

How old are the piglets when weaning them?

35 (days?)

10

From which day can we use something for induction of calving?

112th day

11

What can we give to synchronise calving?

Progestagens 18 days (?)

12

Maternal recognition of pregnancy?

Estradiol

13

How much sperm do we need for artificial insemination?

80 ml

14

Age of first breeding season?

170 - 210 days

15

Endocrinological background og pregnancy?

true/false question

16

Heat length?

3 days

17

Relationship between oestrus and ovulation?

Duration of heat is 3 days, ovulation between 36-44 hours

18

What is not a useful tool to detect early pregnancy?

?

19

Uterus abnormalities, best examination method?

Ultrasound (?)

20

How do we close uterine wound in sow?

Usually in 2 layers, using seromuscular sutures

21

How do we remove outlets from the uterus in sow?

With one hand I fix the head, or the handles, while with the other hand I
apply massage to the outside of the uterus

22

Where do I open the abdominal wall in the swine for c-section?

Even on the right side, along the direction of the internal oblique
muscle

23

Which statement is correct?

I always have to choose this if parturition stopped because a piglet had
obdurated the birth canal, and i can not remove it per vaginal

24

When do I not necessarily need to perform a c-section in a sow?

A. During uterine torsion
B. Usually it can be applied in presentation failures, but its not often indicated
since often these can be solved another way as well
C. If foetuses have died
D. If piglets are not born after the administration of oxytocin

B. usually it can be applied in presentation failures, but it's not often indicated since these can be solved other ways as well

25

The following instruments can be used during c-section in the sow

Needle holder

26

Which statement is correct for swine?

Only free part of the foetal membrane have to be removed

27

Choose the only false statement concerning the c-section in the sow

Vaginal prolapse is a rare indication

28

Choose the only correct statement concerning the c-section in the sow

We do it either in the deep sedation combined with local anaesthesia or
in general anaesthesia

29

Choose the only false statement concerning the complications of the c-section
in the sow

Obstipation never occurs

30

Select the false statement for c-section in the sow

We open the uterus close to the ovary

31

What is the relation between the heat and ovulation in the swine?

Duration of heat is 3 days, ovulation between 36-44 hours

32

Oestrus cycle of the gilts can be synchronised by?

Feeding synthetic progestogen (eg. Regumate) for 10-15 days

33

For maintaining the porcine pregnancy luteal progesterone is required

Throughout the entire pregnancy, because the swine is CL dependent
species

34

What is typical for c-section in swine?

Usually it is performed in anaesthetised animals

35

What do we do with the placentas during c-section in the sow before closing
the uterine wound?

We cut those parts that hong out of the wound and leave the rest in the
uterus and we put uterine pills containing antibiotics into the lumen

36

The name of the most frequently used double tube fetatome?

Thygesen