Flashcards in Swine Breeds Deck (15)
White, large litters, heavy milkers, more fat and lighter muscled generally.
Chester white-small floppy ears
Landrace-big floppy ears
Origin: Chester co. PA 1820
Fewest numbers of the 3 maternal breeds.
Fattest and lightest muscled.
Maternal breed. Developed in Denmark 1895
Long sided, level topped, finer boned, "aardvarks" or "and eaters"
Extremely large litters
Excellent milk production
Moderate muscle and leanness
Maternal breed. Developed in England early 1800s.
Big framed, fast growing, heavy structured, large litters, heavy milking.
Heavy muscled, lean.
Specialized "niche" breeds, not as popular.
Moderate and smaller framed.
Berkshire-black with white points, erect ears
Poland China- black with white points, floppy ears.
Spotted-black and white spotted, floppy ears, formerly known as spotted Poland china.
Intermediate breed. Developed in England late 1700s.
Excellent carcass quality but lighter muscled and earlier maturing.
Very heavy boned, feed efficient.
Developed in Ohio in 1800s
Many breeds contribute to this one.
Very fast growing, large litters, quiet, hardy.
Light muscled, early maturing.
Developed in Indiana late 1800s.
Most popular of intermediate type
Very hardy, fast growing, feed efficient, sows are underrated.
Heaviest muscled, leanest, faster growing.
Poorer mothers--smaller litters, don't milk as well.
Duroc-red. Floppy ears.
Hampshire-black with a white belt, erect ears
Pietrain-black and white spotted, erect ears.
Developed from Jersey Red (New Jersey) and Duroc (New York) in mid-1800s.
Extremely fast growing, excellent carcass quality.
Big framed, heavy muscled and boned.
Fattest of terminal breeds.
Dev. In hampshire co. England.
First imported: 1825-1835.
Heavy muscled, extra lean, stylish.
Structural correctness and maternal ability are problems.
Dev. In Belgium.
Popular in 1950-1951
Medium framed, finer boned, less maternal.
Leanest, heaviest muscled.
May have the "stress" gene.
Bacon type breeds
Hereford & tamworth
Bacon type breed
2/3 white face 2/3 red body.
Cannot have white beyond the middle of the shoulder and over the back.
Must have at least 3 white legs at least one inch high and go all around leg.
Decent feeders, grazers.
Fatten easily. Decent mommas.