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Flashcards in Swine Industry Deck (73)
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1

Phylogeny of pigs: phylum, genus, and species.

Chordata; Sus; Scrofa

2

Domestic pig has ____ chromosomes

38

3

# of hog operations in US
Operations with 2,000 or more head account for what percent of the inventory?

55,882
87%

4

Inventory of all hogs and pigs

68.3 million head.

5

What purposes do hogs serve?

Food industry.
Pharmaceuticals.
Beauty industry.
Construction industry.
Plant industry.
Entertainment.
Companionship.

6

Gilt

Female that hasn't farrowed.

7

Sow

Female that has farrowed.

8

Boar

Male of breeding age.

9

Barrow

Male castrated before puberty.

10

Shoat

Young swine.

11

Feeder

Swine that needs further feeding prior to slaughter.

12

Farrowing

Act of giving birth.

13

Parity

Number of different times a female has had offspring.

14

By 4900 BC, pigs were domesticated where?

China

15

By 1500 BC, pigs were being raised where?

Europe.

16

3000-4000 BC: what 3 civilizations used pigs prominently in culture and diets?

Persian, Egyptian, and Chinese.

17

What 3 religions consider pork unclean to eat?

Jewish, Islamic, Hindu.

18

America's first 13 pigs were where and when?

Tampa FL 1539

19

Who is the Father of the American Pork Industry?

Hernando de Soto

20

What is a razorback

Feral pig

21

World meat consumption of pork, chicken, beef, other, and turkey.

40%
29%
24%
5%
2%

22

In 2005, what country became the world's largest pork exporter?

US.

23

US production accounted for what percent of total world supply in 2008?

10.5%

24

Total value of pork in USA?

$4.3 billion

25

Value of pork exports? (Per head)

$36.10 per head for each hog harvested in the US.

26

Pork exported countries. % of world supply.

US- 33%
European Union- 25%
Canada- 20%
Brazil- 12%
China- 4%
Other- 3%

27

Purchasers of US Exported Pork

Japan-$1.5 billion
Mexico-$542 million
Canada-$501 million
Russia-$205.5 million
Hong Kong-$176 million
South Korea-$194 million

28

What country consumes the most pork per capita?

Belarus. 94 pounds.

29

How many hogs are processed in the US

98 million

30

How many pounds of pork in the US

19 billion pounds