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Flashcards in Beef Industry Deck (67)
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1

Agriculture contributes what percent of the US GNP?

17.5%

2

Of all the receipts from agriculture, how much is attributed to beef cattle?

1/5

3

Of all animal agriculture, what percent is from the beef industry?

40-45%

4

Cattle and calves rank in the top 5 commodities of _______ of the 50 states.

32

5

How many cattle operations are in the US?

788,000

6

How many beef operations are in the US?

727,906

7

How many dairy cow operations are in the US?

60,000 (<4% from 2010)

8

Total herd (beef and dairy) in the US as of 2015?

92 million head

9

Feedlot inventory of US as of 2015?

10.7 million head

10

US has less than ____ percent of the world's cattle inventory but produces almost ____ percent of the world's beef supply.

10, 25

11

Beef is the #1 food source of ____, ____, and ____.

Protein, vitamin B12, zinc.

12

Beef is the #3 food source of ____.

Iron

13

$1 in cattle sales generates approximately how much in additional business activity?

$5

14

Cattle consume less than ____ of 1% of all water in the US.

0.2

15

Cattle outnumber humans in what states?

Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Wyoming.

16

Cattle by products are used for what?

Leather, gelatin, adhesive, laundry and dish soap, cosmetics, contact lenses cleaner, antifreeze, lubricant, tires, toilet paper, candles, crayons, and ink.

17

Cattle contribute to more than 100 medicines including what?

Collagen, cortisol, estrogen, glucagen, heparin, insulin, pancreatin, thrombin.

18

Why are beef cattle so influential?

Utilize resources otherwise wasted.
Land-grass is harvested by cattle and converted to protein.
1.2 billion acres of ag land--2/3 is grazing land.
Waste from ag crops used--corn stalks, stubble.
Food by-products--distillers, cannery waste, sugar beet pulp, citrus pulp, blood meal.
Can be managed extensively or intensively.

19

"Chattel" or "capitale" meant what?

Wealth or property.

20

Cattle was synonymous for what?

All domestic species.

21

Cattle in the US was used for?

Draft and milk. Value on longevity and strength.

22

Spanish cattle: ?
British cattle: ?
Continentals: ?
What is the big challenge today with beef?

Longhorns
Shorthorns, Herefords, Angus
Charolais, Simmental, Limousin
CONSISTENCY of the product.

23

What allows the number of cattle (92 million head) to produce the same amount of meat per year as they did in 1975 with 132 million head?

Genetics, nutrition, management.

24

Demand for beef (per capita) is ____________ since 1976. Quality and lower cost alternatives are the major challenges (such as?)

Declining. Chicken.

25

What are the annual cash receipts of 2015?

$76.6 billion

26

US beef exports in 2015 of

$5.4 billion

27

Top beef export countries?

Canada, Mexico, Korea, Japan.
They're getting the cuts we don't eat much of.

28

States with the most cattle as of 2015

Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, California, Oklahoma.

29

States with the most cattle farms as of 2015

Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Kentucky, Tennessee.

KY and Tennessee have small head counts but most farms.

30

Cattle species

Bovine; Bos taurus or Bos indicus