Notes that aren’t part of the harmony that are between two notes in stepwise motion (usually between a third).
An ornamentation, such as a grace note, that is not part of harmony and unaccented, above note that is part of harmony.
Think of fugue. Element that is digression from main structure of music. Ornamental or constructive passage.
idée fixe/leitmotif/motto theme
Recurring theme or character trait that makes up the structure of a piece.
Used in guitar music- chord that comprises of root and fifth.
essential and unessential notes
Essential note is one that is part of the chord. Unessential notes are passing notes, appoggiatura and suspensions etc.
The treatment of a note/ pitch as the temporary tonic in a piece.
minuet and trio structure
Usually ABA’ (minuet, trio, da capo of minuet). Both A and B sections are often small ternary.
Music that is fairly continuous, doesn’t repeat and doesn’t have sections.
A continually repeated musical phrase or rhythm.
In musical theatre, playing of music under dialogue or visual scene.
In fugue. Close overlapping of thematic material of subject of the fugue.
Repetition of same melodic or harmonic idea.
Where the original harmony is revised.
Gives effect of shift between duple and triple metre. Two groups of 3 beats replaced by three groups of 2 beats.
Rounded binary form but often followed by trio too, giving ABA form when it is returned to.
rounded binary form
Has two sections that each repeat (like Binary) but A section played at end of B and repeated as such- ||: a :||: b :||