Term 2 - Theme 2 (3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Term 2 - Theme 2 (3) Deck (23)
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1

Vulnerability and disaster in a 21st Century superpower

August 29th 2005. Landfall in Louisiana as a category 3 hurricane. New Orleans: flooding, death and damage.

2

People displaced

Nearly 2 million

3

People lost their lives

700,000 people

4

Number of deaths

Approx 1836 deaths

5

New orleans pop and percentage African American

485,000 people - 67.3% African American

6

23rd Aug

Formed off bahamas

7

25th Aug

Landfall in florda

8

27th Aug

State of emergency declared by President Bush. Voluntary evac of New Orleans

9

28th Aug

Mandatory evac of New Orleans. Superdome refuge as last resort.

10

29th Aug

Landfall in Louisiana. First levee breacher at 2pm.

11

Population evacuated

80-85% of the population were evacuated before landfall.

12

% OF BPL New Orleans

27%

13

% of over 65 New Orleans

11.7%

14

% of people with no cars New Orleans

27.3%

15

% of people born and lived in New Orleans for most of their lives

77.4%

16

Vulnerability: Evac and immediate impacts

Income level, inadequate public transport, age (mobility), access to information, occupations, social naturals/social capital, immigrants, looting and crime.

17

Reconstruction and recovery

Access to capital and insurance, levee rebuilding + low probability events, insurance premiums, labour, services, state (and federal) commitment to rebuilding.

18

The political economy of time of disaster

9/11 and the Dept of Home Security. FEMA's diminished presence. Terrorism focus, funding cuts and diversions. Levee maintenance.

19

Safe development Paradox

Levee effect. Nearly 300 years of New Orleans : 27 major deaths. Pumping and drainage - inadequate sediment deposition. Dams and flooding canals. Flood increase. Expansion (150,000 households).

20

USGS Soundwaves - storm surges

The storm surges produced by the Hurricane breached the levees protecting New Orleans in numerous places, flooding approximately 75% of the metropolitan area.

21

Bakker, K (2005) - Urban expansion

Urban expansion has increased New Orleans vulnerability as draining of wetlands by hydraulic pumps has enabled urban sprawl but accelerated the subsidence of New Orlean's alluvial soils. This has been aggrevated by flood-control measures.

22

Susan Cutter

Notes that the American south's segregated past is still visible in the spatial and social geopolitics of cities such as New Orleans.

23

Neil Smith (2003)

Revealed how topographical gradients were proxies for race and class in New Orleans, with largely white neighbourhoods situated on higher, drier ground.