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Baroque Score Reading Project > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (36):
1

During what decade were the first oratorio-passion settings presented?

1720s; Melamed, Hearing Bach's Passions

2

In what year did Bach leave Cothen for Leipzig?

1723; Wolff, World

3

What is the modern term for a one-on-a-part choir?

consort; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

4

Describe Schutz' terms for first and second choir.

Second choir, "cappella" multiple singers and/or instruments per part; first choir "favorite choir" one on a part; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

5

What three things can be meant by the term "chor"?

a choir, a piece of choral music, a choir loft; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

6

Concertist

one who performs a principal role in concerted music; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

7

Ripienist

one who performs a ripieno or "filling out" part; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

8

figural

contrapuntal, more elaborate or demanding than a chorale; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

9

Kirchenstück

church cantata; Parrott, Essential Bach Choir

10

Why is it difficult to define "cantata"?

Because from the very beginning, few limitations were placed on the genre, it was a common place for experimentation, and each movement could reference a different prior or contemporary style (madrigal, motet, instrumental, melismatic…); Wolff, World

11

What is another term for secco recit?

Simple recit; Crist, CJ 11/00

12

What is Vokaleinbau?

Vocal embedding; a technique where the instruments play material from the ritornello while the voice sings an independent line; Crist, CJ 11/00

13

What is the essential and quintessential version of da capo form?

ABA; A1A2BA1A2, where ritornellos separate each vocal section; Crist, CJ 11/00

14

What are the two principal uses of the term arioso in the Baroque period?

a lyrical passage occurring within a recitative (usually at the end); a self-contained movement similar to an aria, but usually of smaller proportions; Crist, CJ 11/00

15

If it looks like an aria and sounds like an aria, why might it be an arioso?

Non-poetic text; Crist, CJ 11/00

16

Who did Bach replace at Leipzig?

Kuhnau; Crist, CJ 2/99

17

Who was originally supposed to be Cantor in Leipzig?

Telemann; Crist, CJ 2/99

18

What is choreinbau?

A formal technique as follows: 1, opening sinfonia; 2, A section--chorus; 3, B-section chorus; 4, opening sinfonia sung by chorus; Flannagan, CJ 12/00

19

What is a chiasm?

a symmetrical form balanced horizontally on either side of an axis movement (ABBA); Gingrich, CJ 51/1

20

What is another term for chiasm?

inverted parallelism; Hamer, CJ 11/00

21

What is a term for examining music at the level of intervals between individual notes?

Molecular music; Johnson, CJ 52/7

22

Define molecular music.

Examining music at it's most basic level--intervals between individual notes; Johnson, CJ 52/7

23

Discuss Chorton and Kammerton.

Different pitch standards, the former (lower) for singers, the latter (higher) for chamber ensembles; Wikipedia

24

Who was the most important/influential passion librettist in the Baroque period?

Barthold Brockes (set by Telemann and Handel, among others); Marshall, BN F/12

25

Define turba.

Crowd scenes (especially in passions); Marshall, BN F/12

26

What is the term for crowd scenes in a passion?

turba; Marshall, BN F/12

27

What lyricist was most influential in the early development of German cantatas? What was his inspiration?

Erdmann Neumeister, Italian opera forms; Durr Cantatas

28

Define stimmtausch

Exchange of parts; Durr Cantatas

29

What is the German term for exchanging parts?

stimmtausch; Durr Cantatas

30

Default Librettist for Weimar cantatas? How does Durr describe him?

Salomar Franck, "perhaps the most gifted and original poetic talent with whom Bach collaborated"; Durr Cantatas

31

Define Arioso.

Between aria and recit, it is based on recit, but includes accompaniment and melismas, more like an aria; Durr Cantatas

32

Define serenata

a serenade; a song written in someone's honor;

33

Dux and comes are also called what?

Subject and answer;

34

What are other names for subject and answer in a fugue?

dux and comes;

35

Describe a permutation fugue

Voices enter in canon, each followed by 2 or 3 counter-subjects. Hallmark of Bach's early organ music, later transferred to cantatas;

36

What are the two parts of bar form (german terms)

Stollen (AA) and Abgesang (B); Meredith