Flashcards in Terminology Deck (16):
Abdominal Palpation - Lie
Relationship of the long axis of the foetal spine to the long axis of the maternal uterus
Abdominal Palpation - Attitude
Relationship of foetal head and limbs to foetal body
Abdominal Palpation - Pole
Extremity/end, head or buttocks
Abdominal Palpation - Position
Relation of the denominator on foetus to landmarks on the maternal pelvis
Abdominal Palpation - Presentation
Part of the foetus lying in the lowest part of the uterus over cervical opening, therefore presents first
Abdominal Palpation - Engagement
When transverse diameter (biparietal diameter 9.5cm) has passed through the brim of the maternal pelvis
Abdominal Palpation - Denominator
Leading part of foetus, likely to meet pelvic floor first (occiput when presentation is vertex)
Number of Pregnancies
Number of births greater than 20 weeks gestation
Linea nigra is a dark vertical line that appears on the abdomen during pregnancy during about three quarters of all pregnancies. The brownish streak is usually about a centimetre in width. The lie runs vertically along the midline of the abdomen from the pubis to the umbilicus, but can also run from the pubis to the top of the abdomen. Linea nigra is due to increased melanocyte-stimulating hormone made by the placenta, which also causes melasma and darkened nipples.
Striae Gravidarum or pregnancy stretch marks, is a form of scarring of the skin of the abdomen due to sudden weight gain during pregnancy.
Pigmentation of the skin darkens in some areas, can look like birth marks
Physical exam referring to an intraabdominal mass which is palpable and can be 'bounced' back and forth.