Terminology Flashcards Preview

MIDW127 - Beginning the Journey > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (16):
1

Abdominal Palpation - Lie

Relationship of the long axis of the foetal spine to the long axis of the maternal uterus

2

Abdominal Palpation - Attitude

Relationship of foetal head and limbs to foetal body

3

Abdominal Palpation - Pole

Extremity/end, head or buttocks

4

Abdominal Palpation - Position

Relation of the denominator on foetus to landmarks on the maternal pelvis

5

Abdominal Palpation - Presentation

Part of the foetus lying in the lowest part of the uterus over cervical opening, therefore presents first

6

Abdominal Palpation - Engagement

When transverse diameter (biparietal diameter 9.5cm) has passed through the brim of the maternal pelvis

7

Abdominal Palpation - Denominator

Leading part of foetus, likely to meet pelvic floor first (occiput when presentation is vertex)

8

Gravida

Number of Pregnancies

9

Para/Parity

Number of births greater than 20 weeks gestation

10

Primi

First Pregnancy

11

Multi

Multiple Pregnancy

12

Linea Nigra

Linea nigra is a dark vertical line that appears on the abdomen during pregnancy during about three quarters of all pregnancies. The brownish streak is usually about a centimetre in width. The lie runs vertically along the midline of the abdomen from the pubis to the umbilicus, but can also run from the pubis to the top of the abdomen. Linea nigra is due to increased melanocyte-stimulating hormone made by the placenta, which also causes melasma and darkened nipples.

13

Striae Gravidarum

Striae Gravidarum or pregnancy stretch marks, is a form of scarring of the skin of the abdomen due to sudden weight gain during pregnancy.

14

Melasma

Pigmentation of the skin darkens in some areas, can look like birth marks

15

Ballotable

Physical exam referring to an intraabdominal mass which is palpable and can be 'bounced' back and forth.

16

Cervix

- 10% muscle and 90% collagenous tissue