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MIDW127 - Beginning the Journey > Week One > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week One Deck (14):

Primary Health Care (PHC)

Essential Health Care based on parctical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-determination.


PHC Principles

- Equity & Social Justice
- Care is; Integrated, Co-ordinated & Appropriate
- Community Participation & Self-reliance
- Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
- Involvement of Government Departments
- Political Action


PHC Principles - Equity & Social Justice

- Care should be aimed at the most needy
- Care should be accessible and acceptable to everybody
- Affordable
- Culturally Sensitive


PHC Principles - Care is; Integrated, Co-ordinated & Appropriate

- Provides essential, appropriate services
- Integrated with other health programs and sectors
- Socially appropriate technology
- Co-operation between countries


PHC Principles - Community Participation & Self-reliance

- Empowering
- Contribute to self-reliance and self-determination of Communities


PHC Principles - Political Action

- Reduction of money spent on arms and world peace
- Government policies that improve health


Health Promotion Activities - Community Action

- Encourages & Empowers communities
- Individual, peer and social actions designed to gain political commitment, policy support, structural change, social acceptance and systems support for a particular goal
- Includes direct political lobbying
- National awareness campaigns


Health Promotion Activities - Settings & Supportive Environments

- Organised around particular settings that share common characteristics; schools, workplaces & community
- The setting enables structural change
- Types of approaches include;
1. Organisational development strategies which aim to create a supportive environment for health promotion activities within the setting
2. Application of financial or legislative incentives (or disincentives) to support health choices


Health Promotion Activities - Health Education & Skill Development

- Provision of education to individuals or groups


Health Promotion Activities - Social Marketing & Health Information

- Provide programs that advocate for change
- Influence the voluntary behaviour of the target audience to benefit them and society as a whole
- Raise public awareness through mass media


PHC Midwife

In a Primary health model the Midwife is a facilitator of "The transition of parenthood for women and their families regardless of choices of service provider or place of birth."


Health Promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over their health and it's determinants, and thereby improve their health, incorporating disease prevention and addresses broader social, environmental and cultural issues that impact on health.


Health Promotion Activities

- Community Action
- Settings and Supportive Environments
- Health Education & Skill Development
- Screening, Individual Risk Factor Assessment and Immunisation
- Social Marketing & Health Information


Role of the Midwife

- Mastery of Clinical Knowledge and Skills mandated by ANMC competencies (able to use full scope of practice)
- Good Communication Skills
- Skilled Evaluation & Management of Health Concerns
- Ability to refer appropriately
- Ability to facilitate true informed consent