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GI 2 Midterm > Terminology Refresher > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Refresher Deck (109)
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1

absence of secretion of bile

acholic
acholic stools are white clay colored stools in cholelitheiasis

2

fibrous bands of scar tissue that form between internal organs and tissues, joining them together abnormally

adhesions

3

general accumulation of serous fluid in various tissues and body cavities

anasarca

4

lack of appetite

anorexia

5

small ulcer on a mucous membrane

aphthous/aphthoid

6

abnormal passageway between aorta and esophagus

aortoesophageal fistula

7

a group of symptoms accompanying fulminant pulmonary edema and resulting acute respiratory failure

acute respiratory distresssyndrome (ARDS)

8

pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

9

hand flapping associagted with hepatic encephalopathy

asterixis

10

hypersensitivity state, tendency to develop allergic diseases, heightened immune responses to common allergens

atopy (atopic)

11

depressed bone marrow production of two cell lines (anemia and thrombocytopenia, normal WBCs)

bicytopenia

12

a firm lump felt in the perirectal pouch on rectal examination, it is a rare physical finding in patients with METASTATIC ADENOCARCINOMA of the stomach

Blumer shelf

13

a rumbling noise caused by propulsion of gas through the intestines

borborygmi

14

endoscope of the trachea and bronchus

bronchoscopy

15

a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health or malnutrition

cachexia

16

stoppage or suppression of bile flow, d/t factors within (intrahepatic) or outside the liver (extrahepatic)

cholestasis

17

tetany, tap of facial nerve and get facial twitching, sign of hypocalcemia

chvostek sign

18

chronic degenerative disease in which normal liver cells are damaged and replaced by scar tissue

cirrhosis

19

acute paroxysmal abdominal pain

colic

20

enlarged non-tender gallbladder secondary to pancreatic disease or cancer

courvoisier's sign

21

ecchymosis around the umbilicus (periumbilical) secondary to intra-abdominal

cullen sign

22

a peptic ulcer of the duodenum in a patient with extensive superficial burns

curling ulcer (stress ulcer)

23

peptic ulcer occurring from severe head injury or with other lesions to the CNS

cushing ulcer

24

dysplasia-associated lesion/mass - acronym for increased incidence of colorectal cancer with ulcerative colitis

DALM

25

unhealthy change in normal bacterial ecology of part of the body

dysbiosis

26

general term for a group of GI disorders characterized by inflammation of the intestines, particularly the colon. characteristic features include abdominal pain or cramps, straining at stool (tenesmus) and frequent passage of watery diarrhea orstools containing blood and mucus

dysentery

27

postprandial epigastric discomfort

dyspepsia

28

difficulty swallowing

dysphagia

29

abnormal tissue development, alteration in size, shape, and organization of cells

dysplasia

30

having no teeth

edentulous