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Flashcards in Terms 1 Deck (82)
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1

Accelerando, accel

Gradually faster

2

Accent

> placed above a note to indicate stress or emphasis

3

Accidental

A sharp, flat, or natural not included in the given key

4

Adagio

Slow, slower than andante, faster than largo

5

Al coda

To the coda

6

Aleatory or aleatoric music

Chance music in which the performers are free to perform their own material and/or their own manner of presentation

7

Al fine

To the end

8

Alla breve

Cut time; meter in which there are two beats in each measure and a half note receives one beat

9

Allargando, allarg

Showing of tempo, usually with increasing volume; most frequently occurs toward the end of a piece

10

Allegretto

Slower than allegro

11

Al segno

Return to the sign, dal segno

12

Alteration

The raising or lowering of a note by means of an accidental

13

Andante

Moderate tempo

14

Andantino

Slightly faster than andante

15

A niente

To nothing, e.g. to ppp

16

Animato

Animated; lively

17

Augmentation

Compositional technique in which a melodic line is repeated in longer note values. The opposite of diminution.

18

Bitonality

The occurrence of two different tonalities at the same time

19

Cadence

A chordal or melodic progression which occurs at the close of a phrase, section, or composition, giving a feeling of repose; a temporary or permanent ending. The most frequently used cadence are perfect, plagal, and deceptive.

20

Cadenza

A solo passage, often virtuosic, usually mean the end of a piece, either written by the composer or improvised by the performer

21

Caesura

A sudden silencing of the sound; a pause or break, indicated by the following symbol: //

22

Canon

The strictest form of imitation, in which two or more parts have the same melody but start at different points

23

Canonic

A term used to describe a polyphonic style of music in which all the parts have the same melody but which start at different times

24

Cantabile

In signing style

25

Chance music

Aleatoric music

26

Chorale

Hymn-like song, characterized by blocked chords

27

Chord

A combination of three or more tones sounded simultaneously

28

Chromatic

Ascending or descending by half steps

29

Coda

Closing section of a composition. An added ending.

30

Con

With