Flashcards in Terms Deck (64):
swelling of the optic nerve head due to obstruction of venous outflow from the eyes (increased ICP)
pathology of the spinal cord
Damage to one or more of the nerve roots for any reason
reflex resistance to passive neck flesion (usually w/ pain from menigial irritation).
Primary respiratory centers?
Can the brain cause EKG changes that appear as ischemia?
Yes. w/ subarachnoid hemorrhage (incr. ST seg. and arrhythmia)
too much CSF
can't recognize what something is even though you can see, feel, or hear it.
inability to recognize a particular deficit (like that you are paralyzed).
inability to synthesize complex motor patterns (though you have the strength and coordination).
inability to understand language
can't synthesize language (written or verbal)
can't understand or produce language
appearance of responses that are normally suppressed - (primitive reflexes)
inability to name objects
substituting words that have inappropriate meaning (that sounds similar)
involuntary, irregular resistance to passive movement
repeating motions or response when it is inappropriate to do so
loss of visual perception of one-half of the visual world
patch of vision loss
constriction of the pupil
dilation of the pupil
near-sighted (can't see far)
far-sighted (can't see near)
one eye has bad vision and the brain turns off control to that eye
inequality of pupil size
vertical gaze center in the brainstem
rostral interstitial nucleus
loss of taste perception
cant speak (motor issues)
inability to recognize a sensation
inability to determine letters drawn on the skin
area of bone and joints supplied by a single nerve root
exaggerated perception of normally painful stimuli
perception of normally innocuous stimuli as being painful
excessive sensitivity to any modality
feeling pain when there is no stimulus
detection of a sensation in the absence of any stimulus
purposeless, involuntary writhing
involuntary, sustained twisting position of the body
repeated, involuntary flinging movement of one side
involuntary twitching of individual motor units
delta brain waves
slowest brain waves
beta brain waves
fastest brain waves
white blood cells in the CSF
hereditary neuropathies that usually show up in late childhood
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
autoimmune condition produces weakness in the hip girdle muscles
remote effects of a tumor - most often antibodies affecting another part of the body
what is suggested by proximal, symmetrical distribution of weakness?
what is suggested by distal, symmetrical distribution of weakness?
generation of paresthesias in the distribution of the nerve following a light tap with the reflex hammer
dramatic lurching (hysterical presentation)
pt makes simple walking movements - sliding feet along the ground
can't name objects presented to you - often seen in Alzheimer's
involuntary, irregular resistance to passive movements
diffuse loss or cortical functions - must be more than one cognitive function
stupor + agitations
reticular activating system
midbrain region needed to maintain consciousness
damage to the base of the pons with preservation of consciousness and vertical eye movements
continued pain and dysthesias after zoster infection