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Flashcards in Terms Deck (64):
1

Papilledema

swelling of the optic nerve head due to obstruction of venous outflow from the eyes (increased ICP)

2

Myelopathy

pathology of the spinal cord

3

Radiculopathy

Damage to one or more of the nerve roots for any reason

4

Meningissmuss

reflex resistance to passive neck flesion (usually w/ pain from menigial irritation).

5

Primary respiratory centers?

medulla

6

Can the brain cause EKG changes that appear as ischemia?

Yes. w/ subarachnoid hemorrhage (incr. ST seg. and arrhythmia)

7

Hydrocephalus

too much CSF

8

Agnosia

can't recognize what something is even though you can see, feel, or hear it.

9

Agnosagnosia

inability to recognize a particular deficit (like that you are paralyzed).

10

Apraxia

inability to synthesize complex motor patterns (though you have the strength and coordination).

11

Receptive aphasia

inability to understand language

12

Expressive aphasia

can't synthesize language (written or verbal)

13

Global aphasia

can't understand or produce language

14

dysinhibition

appearance of responses that are normally suppressed - (primitive reflexes)

15

Dysnomia

inability to name objects

16

Paraphasic

substituting words that have inappropriate meaning (that sounds similar)

17

Paratonia

involuntary, irregular resistance to passive movement

18

Perseveration

repeating motions or response when it is inappropriate to do so

19

Anosmia

can't smell

20

hemianopsia

loss of visual perception of one-half of the visual world

21

scotoma

patch of vision loss

22

strabismus

lazy eye

23

miosis

constriction of the pupil

24

mydriasis

dilation of the pupil

25

myopia

near-sighted (can't see far)

26

hyperopia

far-sighted (can't see near)

27

amblyopia

one eye has bad vision and the brain turns off control to that eye

28

anisocorea

inequality of pupil size

29

vertical gaze center in the brainstem

rostral interstitial nucleus

30

ageusia

loss of taste perception

31

dysarthria

cant speak (motor issues)

32

dysphasia

difficulty swallowing

33

agnosia

inability to recognize a sensation

34

graphesthesia

inability to determine letters drawn on the skin

35

sclerotome

area of bone and joints supplied by a single nerve root

36

hyperpathia

exaggerated perception of normally painful stimuli

37

allodynia

perception of normally innocuous stimuli as being painful

38

hyperesthesia

excessive sensitivity to any modality

39

dysesthesia

feeling pain when there is no stimulus

40

Paresthesia

detection of a sensation in the absence of any stimulus

41

athetosis

purposeless, involuntary writhing

42

dystonia

involuntary, sustained twisting position of the body

43

hemiballism

repeated, involuntary flinging movement of one side

44

fasciculation

involuntary twitching of individual motor units

45

delta brain waves

slowest brain waves

46

beta brain waves

fastest brain waves

47

pleocytosis

white blood cells in the CSF

48

Charcot-Marie-Tooth

hereditary neuropathies that usually show up in late childhood

49

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome

autoimmune condition produces weakness in the hip girdle muscles

50

Paraneoplastic syndrome

remote effects of a tumor - most often antibodies affecting another part of the body

51

what is suggested by proximal, symmetrical distribution of weakness?

myopathy

52

what is suggested by distal, symmetrical distribution of weakness?

neuropathy

53

Tinel sign

generation of paresthesias in the distribution of the nerve following a light tap with the reflex hammer

54

astasia-abasia

dramatic lurching (hysterical presentation)

55

gait apraxia

pt makes simple walking movements - sliding feet along the ground

56

transcortical aphasia

can't name objects presented to you - often seen in Alzheimer's

57

paratonia

involuntary, irregular resistance to passive movements

58

gait apraxia

shuffling

59

dementia

diffuse loss or cortical functions - must be more than one cognitive function

60

delerium

stupor + agitations

61

reticular activating system

midbrain region needed to maintain consciousness

62

locked-in

damage to the base of the pons with preservation of consciousness and vertical eye movements

63

postherepetic neuralgia

continued pain and dysthesias after zoster infection

64

fibromyalgia syndrome

idiopathic condition of diffuse, chronic pain