Terms - Anthropology Flashcards Preview

Gr. 10 Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology > Terms - Anthropology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms - Anthropology Deck (56)
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1

Hominin

A human or human ancestor

2

Fossil

Preserved remains of biological matter

3

Australopithecus afarensis

“Lucy”, “Selam”, a member of the human family (3.2mil ya)

4

Radiometric dating

A process that is used to determine the age of an object, based on measuring the amount of radioactive material it is

5

Bipedalism

The trait of habitually walking on two legs

6

Choppers

Large cobbles (oldest stone tools) (2.5mil ya)

7

Culture

The total system of ideas, values, behaviours, and attitudes of a society

8

Informant

A reliable and knowledgeable person who provides specific information to an anthropologist studying his or her community

9

Ethnocentric

Believing that one’s culture is superior to all others

10

Culturally constructed

Created or shaped by a culture

11

Subculture

A small group within a larger group who shares a common system of values, beliefs, attitudes, behaviours, and lifestyle distinct from those of the larger group

12

Ethnology

The study of the origins and cultures of different races and peoples

13

Kinship

The relationship between two or more people that is based in common ancestry, marriage, or adoption

14

Participant observation

The careful watching of a group, in some cases living with its members and participating in their culture

15

Ethnography

The written account of a culture

16

Subjective

Type of conclusions shaped by a person’s cultural and personal perspective, feelings, and beliefs

17

Objective

Type of conclusions based on facts and data and uninfluenced by personal perspectives, prejudices, or emotions

18

Reflexivity

The practice of reflecting on your own world view, biases, and impact on the culture you are studying

19

Ritual

Prescribed behaviour in which there is no connection between the action and the desired outcome

20

Rite of passage

A ceremony ritual, or event that marks an individual’s passage from one stage of life to another

21

Liminal stage

The second stage in a rite of passage, when the initiate is in a state of transition between the old and the new

22

Identity moratorium

A status in which the adolescent is in crisis and unable to accomplish tasks necessary to becoming an adult, and explores other youth subcultures

23

Sex

Physical characteristics (male/female), biology—chromosomes (xx/xy)

24

Gender

What you identify as (fluid)

25

Gender roles

Societal expectations

26

Technological diffusion

The adoption by one culture of a technology invented by another culture

27

Perception

The process of how an individual takes in information visually and with the other senses

28

Euphemism

A word or set of words used to indirectly describe an uncomfortable or inappropriate concept or idea in a socially acceptable way

29

Reciprocity

An economic system of formal and informal sharing among members of a society to distribute resources fairly

30

Horticultural

A form of semi-nomadic agriculture