Terms - Sociology Flashcards Preview

Gr. 10 Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology > Terms - Sociology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms - Sociology Deck (63)
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1

Agents of socialization

People and institutions that shape an individual’s social development.

2

Anticipatory socialization

The process of learning how to plan the way to behave in new situations.

3

Bureaucracy

A large administration that pursues a wide variety of goals.

4

Empirical

Based on facts, statistics, and data.

5

Feral

Unwanted child deserted at a young age and raised by animals.

6

Functional differentiation

Divisions that are created to help deal with a complex environment; these divisions operate independently but are connected to one another.

7

Isolate

Child raised in near isolation within a human household.

8

Macrosociology

An approach of sociology that analyzes social systems on a large scale.

9

Microsociology

The study of small groups and individuals within a society.

10

Norm

Expectations about how people should behave.

11

Positivism

The application of the scientific method to obtain quantifiable data in order to understand society.

12

Primary group

A set of people with whom an individual has strong emotional and personal connections.

13

Primary socialization

The process of learning the basic skills needed to survive in society.

14

Rationalization

Social actions motivated by efficiency or benefit, not custom or emotion.

15

Resocialization

The process by which negative behaviour is transformed into socially acceptable behaviour.

16

Role

The expected behaviour of a person in a particular social position.

17

Secondary socialization

The process of learning how to behave appropriately in group situations.

18

Social influence

The effect of other people on a person’s thoughts and actions.

19

Socialization

The continuing process where an individual learns the appropriate behavioural patterns, skills, and values for his or her social world.

20

Survey

A set of questions used on a sample of the population study about opinions, values, or actions.

21

Values

Shared ideas and standards that are considered acceptable and binding.

22

Sociology

The study of human social life, groups, and societies.

23

Social identity

The way you define yourself to the world and to yourself.

24

Social role

Expectations attached to particular social positions.

25

Chaperone

An older or married woman who accompanies or supervises a young unmarried woman on social occasions.

26

Homophily

The tendency to associate with those who are similar to us

27

Discrimination

The act of treating groups or individuals unfairly based on their race, gender, or other common characteristic; can be overt or systemic.

28

Stereotype

An exaggerate view or judgement made about a group or class of people.

29

Racism

Erroneous judgement, assumptions, opinions, or actions toward a person or group, based on the belief that one race is superior to another.

30

Sexism

Attitudes or behaviours based on predetermined ideas of sexual roles that discriminate against others because of their sex.