Flashcards in Terrorism and Security Deck (17)
What are the three primary catagories of illicit behaviour?
Provision of illicit goods
Provision of illicit services
Infiltration of legitimate business/government
What is organised crime extortion theory?
Easier crimes require; little training, sometimes no violence, no economic investment. The problem is public support (ideological campaign from criminal organisations)
Criminal governance provide public goods and services (allegiances) and substitute the state
What is casual extortion?
Exploits opportunities to collect tributes from businesses, controls land and raids remote objects and establishes a predatory relationship with victims
What is systematic extortion?
Satisfy the demand for private protection, maintain control over conquered territories and monopolise use of force, taxation and control of movement. Aspires to gain legitimacy and public support. (ISIS)
What are the nine types of intelligence?
ELINT (electronic - radar)
MASINT (measurement - nuclear)
OSINT (Open source)
PHOTINT (photographic - high altitude)
TECHINT (Technical - equipment)
What is the intelligence cycle?
COLLECTION (collect info)
ANALYSIS (analyse collected)
What is genocide?
Genocide is a sustained purposeful action by a perpetrator to physically destroy a collective directly or indirectly, through interdiction of the biological and social reproduction of group members
- Totten and Bartrop 2009
What is the first stage of genocide?
'us versus them'
Dividing society and creating a power struggle between groups
What is the second stage of genocide?
Names, languages, group uniforms, symbols/colours
What is the third stage of genocide?
One group denies the humanity of another group and makes the victim group seem subhuman
What is the fourth stage of genocide?
Organising arms and financial support for the groups conducting massacres, plans made by elites for a 'final solution'
What is the fifth stage of genocide?
Extremists drive groups apart, hate groups broadcast/print propaganda, laws are passed forbidding intermarriage or social interraction and political moderates are silenced, threatened and killed
What is the sixth stage of genocide?
Death lists are made and groups are seperated because of their ethnic or religious identity
What is the seventh stage of genocide?
Extermination begins and becomes genocide
What is the eighth stage of genocide?
Denial of evidence
Deny genocidal intent
What are all eight stages of genocide?
1 - Classification
2 - Symbolism
3 - Dehumanisation
4 - Organisation
5 - Polarisation
6 - Genocide
7 - Extermination
8 - Denial