Flashcards in Test 05.45.Thigh 1 Deck (18):
1. How is the femur directed?
2. The femur is about how much a person’s height?
3. How does the head of the proximal epiphysis project?
Superomedially and slightly anteriorly
4. What is the angle of inclination? How does the angle correlate with age and sex?
Angle of inclination is the angle which the head connects to the shaft through the neck
Angle is widest at birth then decreases with age (narrowest in old age)
Angle less in females because female have wider hips
5. Draw and label the following:
Greater and lesser trochanters
Intertrochanteric line anteriorly
intertrochanteric crest posteriorly
Medial and lateral epicondyles
Medial and lateral condyles
6. The superficial fascia is continuous with what? What does it contain a lot of?
Continuous with abdominal fascia
7. What are the nerves that are embedded in the superficial fascia of the thigh? Give levels
Iliohypogastric (T12, L1)
Genital Femoral (L1, L2)
Lateral Femoral Cutaneous (L2, L3)
Femoral (L2, L3, L4)
Lumbosacral Trunk (L4, L5)
Accessory obturator (L3, L4)
Obturator (L2, L3, L4)
8. Give five cutaneous nerves of the superficial fascia
Genital branches of genital femoral and ilioinguinal nerves
Femoral branch of genitofemoral
Medial cutaneous branch of femoral
Intermediate cutaneous branch of femoral
Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
9. Where do the genital branches of the genitofemoral and ilioinguinal nerves emerge from? To supply what? Levels?
Come from superficial ring to supply proximal medial thigh
Most of the branches go to genital region
Levels: Genital branches of the genitofemoral (L1,L2) and ilioinguinal (L1) nerves
10. What does the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve supply? Levels?
Skin over the femoral triangle (proximal part of anterior thigh)
11. What the medial cutaneous branch of femoral nerve supply?
Skin of medial thigh
12. What does the intermediate cutaneous branch of femoral nerve supply?
Skin of distal anterior thigh
13. Where does the Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve nerve enter? Supplies? Levels?
Enters the thigh medial to ASIS
Supplies lateral thigh, lateral to the intermediate cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve
14. What does the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve supply?
What is its course?
Supplies posterior thigh and popliteal region
Originates from sacral plexus
Courses inferiorly into the thigh from the gluteal region
(S1, S2, S3)
16. What branches does the proximal part of the femoral artery provide?
Superficial epigastric artery
Superficial circumflex iliac artery
Superficial external pudendal artery
Deep external pudendal artery
17. What area does the superficial epigastric artery supply?
Goes superiorly to supply skin over the lower abdominal wall
18. How does the superficial circumflex iliac artery proceed? What does its path parallel?
Proceeds laterally inferior to the inguinal ligament
Parallels course of the deep circumflex artery