Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (43):
1

High Scope: image of the child

independent
create own learning
active learners

2

High Scope: role of teacher

guide children
creative way to teach each individual child of key ideas

3

High Scope: parents role

not a key element

4

High Scope: role of materials

hands-on active learning
plan, do, review

5

High Scope: role of environment

centers in the classroom
structured and consistent schedule
integrate children with special needs

6

Reggio Emilia: image of child

own curiosity= most powerful way to learn
engineers of own learning

7

Reggio Emilia: role of teacher

documentation- observe, researchers
provoke children- ask questions

8

Reggio Emilia: role of parents

actively participate in child's learning

9

Reggio Emilia: role of materials

curriculum based on students
hands-on
real materials

10

Reggio Emilia: role of environment

3rd teacher
show child's interest

11

Montessori: role of environment

child-sized materials
sensory experiment
carefully controlled

12

Montessori: role of materials

color-coded materials
use all senses
manipulates

13

Montessori: role of parents

not a key element

14

Montessori: role of teacher

set up environment
teach practical needs

15

Montessori: image of child

crave stimulation
unique and individual needs
work independently

16

Bank Street

teacher-made and child-made materials
emphasis on integrated curriculum
all aspects of child development addressed in curriculum

17

Martin Luther

all show have the ability to read
educate the whole child (intellectual, religious, physical, emotional, and social)

18

John Comenius

movement ad activity were sure signs of healthy learning experiences
students take charge of their own learning

19

Jean Rousseau

innate goodness of children and allow development to simply happen

20

Johann Pestalozzi

careful observation of children
recognize their potential
importance of teacher-student relationships
sensory learning

21

Fredrich Froebel

father of kindergarten
childhood play
singing as a way to learn
circle time

22

Margaret McMillan

open-air nursery: outdoor play

23

Freud

psychosexual stages of development

24

Dewey

edu. should be integrated with life
edu. show preserve social values
active learning is essential

25

Montessori

role of edu as providing environments where children could be set free to follow natural impulses

26

Arnold Gesell

use of motion-picture cameras to study the physical and mental development of normal infants and children

27

Vygotsky

zone of proximal development
importance of play
scaffolding
healthy relationships

28

Loris Malaguzzi

founder of Reggio Emilia approach

29

Patty Hill

unique individuals
valued play as much as work
observe play and record behavior

30

Interpersonal Intelligence

a person who has special abilities in understanding other people

31

Gradients of growth

Arnold Gesell identified ten areas of development

32

school provides a free or reduced-price lunch for a student, which level are they meeting?

physiological needs

33

in maslow's hierarchy of needs:

lower-level needs must be met first

34

attachment bond is strongest with

primary caregiver

35

having difficulty seeing things from perspectives other than you own

egocentrism

36

Montessori defined times when children are ready to learn specific tasks

sensitive periods

37

applying Vygotsky's theory of education as she taught reading

zone of proximal development
just above child's level and scaffolding

38

considering child's interests and abilities before curriculum

DAP

39

taking in info from the world around us and fit into existing schemas

assimilation

40

Zone of proximal development

developmental area between child's independent and supported performance

41

Hierarchy of needs

1. physiological: food, clothing
2. safety & security
3. belongingness & affection
4. self-respect
5. self-actualization

42

Developmentally Appropriate practice

1. all areas of development
2. child development is relatively orderly
3. development proceeds at different rates
4. maturation and experiences lead to growth and learning
5. experiences of young children have effect for whole life
6. development moves toward increasing complexity
7. secure and consistent relationships lead to high levels of learning
8. social and cultural impact on development
9. variety of strategies to learn
10. play
11. opportunities to practice, work beyond current abilities
12. persistence, initiative, and flexibility

43

NAEYC

national association for the education of young children
code of ethical conduct
resource for professional development