Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (40):
1

Benefits of Play: Intellectual

multi-sensory, play and problem solving, mastering abstract skills

2

Benefits of Play: Building Social Skills

learn social roles, decrease egocentrism, understand the rules of social interaction

3

Benefits of Play: language and literacy development

play with sounds and noises, play with the linguistic system, spontaneous rhyming and word play, conventions of speech

4

Benefits of play: physical development

gross and fine motor

5

Benefits of play: emotional development

master emotional issues, opportunities to feel good about themselves

6

Benefits of play: play and creativity (aesthetic)

develop talents, symbolic expression of understanding of world around them

7

Teachers prepare place where children play

provide materials and create spaces for play
child controlled and ruled
play environment
variety of challenges for diverse abilities
one and a half play option per child both indoor and outside

8

Teachers should create an atmosphere that lets children know that play is valued

climate for play
allow plenty of time for play
minimum of 30 minutes is needed for creative play
make encouraging statements

9

Teachers should participate in play at the lowest level of involvement.

enrich the experience or move it in another direction

10

levels of adult intervention

(parallel play)
(Co-playing: child controls play
(play tutoring: adult takes partial control

11

levels of verbal intervention

watching and verbally reinforcing: positive play behaviors
informative play statements: give ideas
leading questions: response from child
play directions: give actions for child to do
involvement in play

12

what we learn from observing children at play

where children's strengths are
show special qualities and personality

13

guidance

incorporates everything an adult does or says to influence the behavior of a child

14

discipline

important component of the guidance process in which the adults is dealing with children who misbehave

15

Competence

belief in one's own ability to accomplish tasks and achieve goals

16

worth

the extent to which people like and value themselves

17

control

degree to which people believe they can influence the events around them

18

emotions

children need help form adults to identify their feelings and learn appropriate ways to deal with them.
teachers of young children need to create an atmosphere that encourages independence .

19

Indirect guidance

everything behind the scenes-planning, materials, room, etc.
building a friendly workplace, relationships
Ex: schedule, equipment, people

20

physically guiding children- touching

physical proximity: closeness to child
gesturing & body language: smile, raise an eyebrow, point with a finger
redirecting: lead to a more positive activity

21

verbal guidance

active listening: teacher repeats what child said
redirection: lead to different activity with words
positive directions: what the child should do (no, not)
children have choices: develop independence and decision- making skills

22

Discipline strategies

I messages
Behavior modification
positive reinforcement
punishment
ignoring
problem-solving strategies

23

I messages

I, followed by feelings experienced by the adult, ending with what behavior caused the feelings

24

Behavior modification

positive reinforcement, punishment, ignoring

25

positive reinforcement

anything that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood it will occur again

26

punishment

anything that follows a behavior and decreases the likelihood it will occur again

27

ignoring

avoiding verbal and nonverbal responses to attention-seeking behavior

28

problem-solving strategies

using techniques of counseling, the teacher and student work together to resolve difficulties

29

routines

arrival and departure:
transitions:
snack/meal times:
toileting:
rest times:

30

arrival and departure

greet at door
consistent routine of departure
summarize about day

31

transitions

clear directions
procedures for moving to the next event

32

snack/ meal time

clear adult guidance
foster independent student behavior and create a relaxed atmosphere for eating and visiting

33

toileting

make these times as pleasant as possible
similar procedures

34

rest times

caring adult interacts before and after
communication with families on routine
sleep atmosphere

35

challenges facing families today

missing extended families
divorce and single parent families
blended families
two-career families
older and younger parents
ethnic/cultural diversity
family mobility

36

effective communication

telephone calls
written communication- difference in newsletter and letter
home visits
parent meetings- agenda
parent- teacher conferences
three way conference- includes child

37

exposure to diversity

expose naturally as part of daily routine with toys, books, foods, and experiences

38

inappropriate response to diversity

ignore
tourist approach- quick visits to different cultures

39

anti-bias curriculum

use toys that promote diversity- dolls, puzzles
games
quality children's literature
pictures and posters depict other cultures

40

attitudes about diversity

still racial and gender discrimination in this country
children with special rights: public law 94-142, PL 99-457, PL 101-336