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Flashcards in Final Test Deck (19):
1

Learning Centers purpose

areas/activities throughout your program that allow children to manipulate materials, explore ideas, discover consequences, build, create and express themselves.

2

learning centers values

hands-on reinforcement to support new skill
opportunity to function as part of the group and practice social skills
teach cooperation, teamwork, respect, and empathy
teach rules and regulations of play
challenge children to learn what they are capable of doing and what they need to practice more

3

infant/toddler centers

social area with manipulative toys and blocks
art and water play areas
reading area with rug and pillows
active play with small climber, tumbling mat and large blocks

4

preschool centers

group time area also used as a music and movement space
art and sand/water play areas near sink
dramatic play and housekeeping areas
manipulative toy area with a table
book/ quiet area include comfortable seating
science/ discover center
computer area with two chairs

5

Primary grades centers
*first centers in primary grades

*math/science area to investigate/use materials found on shelves
*writing center
art center
block center
computer area with two seats

6

integrated curriculum

learning experiences that include multiple subject matter areas as a natural part of the curriculum

7

constructivist approach

children build their own understanding of the world through activities based on personal interests

8

system of sounds used to make up words in a specific language

phonology

9

rules for combing sounds to form words within a specific language (plurals and tense)

morphology

10

meanings given to words

semantics

11

procedures for combining words into phrases and sentences

syntax

12

consists of adapting language to different social situations

pragmatics

13

print rich environments

variety of materials for reading: books, items with words on them (menus, labels)
diverse writing materials
displays of children's written products
integrated printed materials: written materials should be connected with ongoing activities in the classroom
literacy as part of routines: attendance charts, pledge, daily schedule

14

emergent literacy

learning to read and write has much I common with oral language development
- learn about reading and wring in infancy
- phonemic awareness: understanding and conscious awareness that speech is composed of identifiable units

15

Developmentally appropriate assessment

1. standardized tests: attempt to accurately measure a child's performance compared with others or in relation to some standard
2. developmental screening: short standardized assessment to identify children who may have a disability or learning problem (Denver II, vision screening)
3. observation: emphasis on developing the whole child (identify physical skill, listen to oral language, and study social interactions)
4. documentation of children's wok: collect artifacts, photographs, observations, and video/audiotapes
5. portfolios: provide evidence of individual childhood learnings

16

benefits of outdoor play

sensory experiences
greater sense of freedom
opportunities for risk taking
use large and small muscles
lean from materials outdoors
overall childhood health
* every aspect of the child's development can be enhanced*

17

teaching social skills

building a sense of self
adult-child relationships
peer interactions: guided participation and conflict resolution

18

cognitive curriculum

critical thinking
problem solving
lifelong learning

19

appropriate use of technology with young children

beginning at age 3
30 minutes of screen time
intentional and used as a tool not as a babysitter