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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (71)
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1

What is HIPPA?

Protects the privacy of patients.

2

What is FERPA?

Protects the privacy of student education records.

3

What is a RD?

Registered Diatician

4

What is a DPM?

Doctor of Pediatry

5

What is a DO?

Doctor of Osteopathy

6

What are some of the important components for an evaluation?

Location, quality/quantity, frequency, onset, duration, and what aggravates/alleviates.

7

What are some of the conditions an ATC should look for while taking a patients family history?

Diabetes, Heart Disease, Hypertension, kidney disease, cv disorders, allergies, asthma, mental illness, additions.

8

What does a BP cuff that is too small do to an individuals BP?

Raises their BP

9

What is considered normal for BP?

120/80

10

What is considered pre-hypertensive for BP?

120-139/80-89

11

Stage I Hypertension reading

140-189 / 90-99

12

Stage II Hypertensive ranges

>160/>100

13

What is the reading for a patient in a hypertensive crisis?

>180/>110

14

Bradycardia

15

Tachycardia

>100 BPM

16

What is a sinus arrhythmia?

Occurs when a patients heart rate speeds up at the peak of inhalation, and slows to normal with expiration.

17

What is the best method for measuring core temperature?

Rectal Thermo

18

Which part of the stehoscope is used for listening to low-pitched sounds? High-pitched?

The bell is used for low, Diaphragm is used for high

19

What is an x-ray?

2D picture of a 3D body part; usually done from multiple angles.

20

What are the three common views for an x-ray?

anteroposterior (AP), posteroanterior (PA), Lateral View

21

Why would an ATC order an x-ray?

possible fracture, boney abnormality or deformity, tumor, arthritis, bone cancer, foreign object, infection, dental caries.

22

What is a Radionuclide Bone Scan?

Injection of radionuclide to assess bone abnormalities. Tracer emits gamma rays + is attracted to areas of increased metabolic activity.

23

What does a radionuclide bone scan identify?

stress fractures, bone infections, bone cancers, and arthritis.

24

What is a Fluoroscopy?

"Live" image to determine size, shape, and movement of tissue

25

What can a fluoroscopy be used for?

Look at blood flow, tumors, fractures, organs, foreign bodies, and some soft tissue injuries.

26

What is the purpose of a Computer Tomography Scan (CT)?

Gives us a better 3D image of the body, with the risk of more radiation exposure. Gives us a cross sections of organs, bone, soft tissue, and blood vessels.

27

What is a Positron Emission Tomography (PET)?

Imaging used to examine cell metabolism and biochemistry of tissue and organs. Glucose based radionuclide injection (or oral). This fluid will go to the areas of increased metabolic activity.

28

What can a PET scan identify?

Certain cancers, thyroid conditions, infections, and bleeding to evaluate kidney function.

29

What is an Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)?

Applies magnetic field to the body. Identifies tumors, musculoskeletal injuries, soft tissue conditions, fractures, and bleeding. Bone does not show up well with MRI.

30

What is Diagnostic Ultrasound (sonography) used for?

identifies tumors, enlarged lymph nodes, heart abnormalities, soft tissue injuries, bleeding, and fetal development. Very popular for soft tissue injuries.