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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (68):
1

Who is Jesus? is concerned with what 8 things

four gospels, theologians, christians, anthropology, historical/political background, judaism, jesus in the gospels, what is to follow jesus?

2

what characterized the historical background

exile and judaism, apocalypticism, and messianic expectation, hellenism

3

what was the messianic expectation

that the davidic kingship would be restored and so would the nation of judah

4

how did greece/hellenism influence the jews

changed language, culture, literature, education, religion, philosophy

5

what is jewish diaspora and who was it caused by

its the exiled jews that became greek jews because of the hellenists. themes of inclusivism vs exclusivism

6

who destroyed the temple of jerusalem in 2nd C BCE and what did it lead to

maccabean revolt

7

who were the sadducees and what did they believe in

temple aristocracy who believed in only the torah or first 5 books of moses and that there is no such thing as resurrection or afterlife

8

who are the pharisees and what did they believe

they were interpreters and scholars who opposed the sadducees. believed in ritual purity and more than just the first 5 books of moses

9

who were the essenes and what did they believe

withdrawn from the world in isolated communities, had apocalyptic hope, emohasis on purity/dietary law

10

where was jesus born

galilee

11

what became prominent via jesus in the gospels

the role for women

12

in which gospel did the jesus god relationship stem from baptism

mark

13

in which gospel did the jesus god relationship stem from birth

matthew and luke

14

in which gospel did the jesus god relationship stem from creation

john

15

kingdom of god viewed in what tense

present and future

16

_____ kingdom ethics characterized jesus in the gospels

radical - sermon on the mount/beatitudes

17

what was in the radical kingdom ethics

beatitudes, re interpretation of torah, comunity/charity

18

who do the christians consist of

people of christ, christs people, jesus followers

19

what does judaizer mean

to live like jews

20

how did the pharisees, peter, barnabas/paul, and james feel about circumcision

pharisees: not necessary, peter: not necessary, james: must follow diet laws but thats it

21

what were pauls titles? (3)

missionary, theologian, author

22

paul was a _____ of the christians until when

opponent until damascus experience where he went blind

23

what was pauls nickname

apostle to the gentiles

24

true or false saul was a roman citizen and was educated as a pharisee

true

25

for paul there was a ____ _____ for humanity

new unity

26

3 central aspects of pauls teachings

1) faith should grow (compares christians to infants and athletes) 2) christian community is a scared body 3) the heart of the christian life is love (love held community together and is how we knew god

27

three seminal expressions of early worship

baptism, meeting, sharing a meal

28

early churches were typically in _____

homes

29

deacons did what

dealt with social needs of the community

30

bishop was ____ ___ of the church

sole leader

31

in early church the common meal was done ____ ____

in rememberance

32

when is the sabbath

saturday

33

what does sunday symbolize

resurrection

34

when was the temple destroyed

70 CE

35

after christ how did judaism change

destruction of the temple, disappearance of sadducees, focus on torah and talmud, jewish christian conflict

36

______ _____ shaped the life of the community

vexig questions

37

whats does katholikos mean

universal or whole

38

what were the three main heresies

ebionites, docestism, gnosticism

39

what does ebionite mean

voluntary poverty, poor man

40

who were the ebionites and what did they believe

jewish and christian tradition, keeping all jewish law (both judaism and jesus as messiah), no virgin birth, purely human christ, natural son of mary/joseph

41

what does docetism mean

to seem

42

what did docetists believe

christs humanity not real, jesus was truly god and could not suffer, passion was an appearance

43

what does gnostic believe

knowledge

44

what did gnostic belivee

knowledge provides relief for human suffering, creation was by an inferior god or demiurge, spiritual over physical

45

who did ignatius write against

ebionites and docetism

46

ignatius put emphasis on ___ ____ and ___

birth, passion, and resurrection

47

for ignatius christ was fully __ and ___

divine and human

48

iraneaus spoke out against who primarily

gnosticism and marcionism

49

irenaeus stressed the __ of scripture

unity

50

what does aprocrypha mean

hudden books

51

which jewish scriptures were authoritative

hebrew scripture, septuagint, greek books

52

greek books were ____ by ____ and jewish community

excluded by rabbis

53

who included the greek books

christians

54

when did first definitive NT canon come about

4th century

55

cirterion of canonicity

1) apostolocity 2) catholicity 3) antiquity 4) orthodoxy

56

in apostolic tradition ordination practices revolved around

hierarchy of clergy

57

what ecclesiastical observations are outlined in the apostolic tradition

eucharist and community meal are separate

58

who beliwved in the charismatic power of the spirit

montanist

59

montanist believed that _____ came from god

authority

60

what was montanist purpose

bring back church to original purity

61

montanist believed in ____ of the spirit

gifts

62

which bishop was sucessor of peter

rome

63

division in the church over what

dating of easter

64

what does cathedra mean

chair

65

qualities that distinguish christians

incarnation, love, equality, discipline, resurrection

66

cemeteries means what

a place of sleep

67

accusations on christians

atheism: rejection of pagan gods, cannibalism: sacrament, eating body and blood
incest: language of love and brotherhood

68

christian threat to roman empire stemmed from what

abandonment of old religion, conspiracies and factions, enemy of mankind