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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (86):
1

what were the intraelcclesial debates over

matter of the empires support, relationship between god and christ, and different opinions over sabellianism, adoptionism, and arius

2

what is sabellianism

merged the father and the son

3

adpotionism

inferior son subordinate to the father

4

what is arius

logos or son was derived from the father son is a part of the created order

5

what is the council of nicaea

by constantine to make a decree to define the official faith, first ecumenical council, rejected the teachings of arius, affirming antiochene christology

6

what is homoousios

one substance

7

who is eusebius

bishop of nicomedia, baptized constantine, believed homoousios is unbiblical and that merging of father and son is nontrinitarian, against athanasius

8

athanasius

defender of nicene creed, homoiousios instead of homoousios, if christ were not truly god his scarifice could not redeem the corruption. against docetism

9

who were the cappadocian father

basil of caesarea, gregory of nazianzus, gregory of nyssa, homoousios can either be one substance or one person, one substance in 3 persons

10

what is the council of constantinople

by theodosius (foe of arianism), nicene creed was reaffirmed, clause on the HS was added, new nicene constnatinpolian creed

11

what is the modern nicene creed

fundamental christian statement on the nature of the godhead

12

describe alexandrian theology

platonic, metaphysical unity over classification, ideak over reality, soul over material, allegorical reading of bible, union with human nature in the incarnation

13

describe antiochene theology

aristotelian, observation, material over soul, emphasis on historical narrative in scripture, christ had a divine and human nature

14

when is the council of chalcedon and what did it focus on

451, focused on mary

15

what is theotokos

god bearer, mother of god

16

what did the council of ephesus and when was it

single nature of christ(monophysite) 451

17

what is the council of chalcedon

condemned monophysites,

18

name some divisions in the church

church in egypt refused to accept chalcedon, alienation of african churches, resistance of nestorianism (antiochene, syrain, mesopotamian, persian), elevation of power of constantinoplitan bishop

19

holy scripture wherever it recalls the lords economy

nestorius

20

who is augustine of hippo

greatest latin theologian, catholic church held together by the spirit, believed word and sacrament were two means of grace

21

augustine believed what

sinfulness makes coercion sometimes justifiable

22

who did augustine oppose

pelagius

23

where did the idea of original sin come from

augustine

24

describe church of constantinople

imperial church, byzabtine christianity, later eastern orthodox

25

which church claimed to be the true chirch

eastern orthodox church

26

what did the failure of chalcedon lead to

no unified christianity

27

describe the imperial church

grand, liturgy including processions, chanting and music, emphasis on conciliar tradition

28

who is emperor justinian what did he want to do

make empire truly christian and truly united, pagan citizens baptized, closed pagan academy in athens, codex justinianus, “ideal christian emperor”

29

effects of chalcedon

alienation of coptic church, no unity

30

antioch, syria(west), east syria outside of roman empire which is pro chalcedon

antioch

31

who is gregory the great

expanded role of roman church in civil affairs

32

who is benedict of nursia

monastic vision based on stability, simple life, corporate prayer

33

benedictine vows

stability, celibacy, obedience

34

describe irish monks

discipline, missionary zeal, practice of penance, prayer, fasting, mortification, see selves as exiles

35

shahadah

muslim profession of faith

36

iconoclasm

ban of religious images

37

when was french king clovis converted

496

38

who is charles martel

french king, defeated muslim armies

39

who is pepin

the first french king anointed

40

who wanted the kingly authority to be sacral

pepin

41

what did charlemagne establish

anno domini, minuscule, parishes

42

charlemagne was also known as

new david

43

what caused divisions in the east and the west

icons, additional paragraph in the nicene creed over the holy spirit, conflict over validity of councils

44

what does filioque

and the son

45

in the east god speaks through what

councils by the holy spirit

46

in the west god speaks through what

the church/papacy

47

who is otto the great

theocratic king, believed emperor is protector of the papacy, emperor over pope

48

who is pope gregory v11

hildebrandian reform, against simony and investiture, independent church with pope as its head, enforcement of celibacy

49

characteristics of the medieval reformation (6)

new inward piety, devotion to virgin mary, vita apostolica, mendicant orders, scholasticism, poor clares

50

during medieval reformation what image to people now focus on

mary instead of michael

51

what does mary symbolize

love

52

characteristics of mendicant orders

new appreciation for poverty, new activism, franciscans and dominicans

53

scholasticism

reconcile christian belief with hellenistic thought

54

who were the poor clares

sisters dedicated to poverty

55

who started using nativity scenes to teach the incarnation

francis of assisi

56

list the causes of east and west christianity division

strong western churches, conflicts over icons and filioque, excommunication of each other

57

date of the great schism

1054

58

who had the ontological argument for gods existence

anselms

59

characteristics of the crusades (7)

new western vitality, byzantine empires suffering from islamic invasion, investiture controversy, pope urban 11 launched the crusades, multinational army, captured edessa, antioch, jerusalem, exacerbated latin byzantine tension

60

what happened in the 4th crusade

plundering of constantinople by latin christian force

61

investiture

who would control appointments of bishops

62

simony

buying or sellig of ecclesiastical privileges

63

what did pope innocent believe

pope as supreme governor, crusading law and canon law, use of the interdict

64

4th latern council established

transubstantiation, cups for the priestly only, confession of the sins at least once a year

65

what is purgatory

dead in intermediate state awaiting the resurrection

66

characteristics of purgatory

old christian belief, prayer for dead/after life purification, effects of sin purged from souls of believers

67

3 parts of dantes divine comedy

paradiso, purgatorio, inferno

68

what is the greatest work of thomas aquinas

summa theologiae

69

aquinas believed through ___ ____ we conceived of gods existence

natural reason

70

what is the unam sanctum

most elevated statement of papal authority in middle ages

71

what was dantes criticism over

worldliness and riches of the papacy

72

where did the french buttholes try to move the papacy

avignon

73

who was the oxford theologian against the churchs great wealth and believed the bible is the only true authority

wycliffe

74

who is john huss

bohemian theologian who attacked the morals of the clergy

75

what is the paleologian renaissance

cultural and spiritual revival

76

1422 turks beseiged constantinople

whjsjsj

77

what council solved the great schism

council of florence

78

second council of lyons

first meeting of east and west, accepted latin teaching of the filioque, emperor recognized supremacy of roman catholic church

79

what does the nicene creed deal with

redemption

80

who liked adding clause on HS

constantine

81

date for council of nicaea

325

82

council of constantinople

381

83

council of chalcedon

451

84

council of ephesus

431

85

fourth latern council

1216

86

council of florence

1439